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L'Œuvre Fortitude from The World of Seven Virtues de l’artiste Pieter Brueghel the Elder est actuellement en vente chez Masterworks Fine Art Gallery.
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Pieter Brueghel the Elder, Fortitude from The World of Seven Virtues
 
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TITRE:  Fortitude from The World of Seven Virtues
ARTISTE:  Pieter Brueghel the Elder (Flemish, 1525–1569)
ANNéE DE RéALISATION:  circa 1560
CATéGORIE:  Prints and Multiples
MATéRIEL:  Original Engraving
ÉDITION/LOT DE:  EDITION: A lifetime impression from the only state of two by Philips Galle based on an original work by Pieter Bruegel
MARQUES:  SIGNATURE: The signature of Bruegel is inscribed in the lower right: 'Bruegel Inuentor.'
TAILLE:  IMAGE SIZE: 11 1/4 in x 8 5/8 in (28.6 cm x 21.9 cm)
SHEET SIZE: 11 1/4 in x 8 5/8 in (28.6 cm x 21.9 cm)
FRAMED SIZE: 28 3/4 in x 26 1/8 in (73 cm x 66.4 cm)
STYLE:  Renaissance
PRIX*:  Contact Gallery for Price
GALERIE:  Masterworks Fine Art Gallery  +1-510-777-9970  Envoyez un email
DESCRIPTION:  DISCUSSION:
Taken from Bruegel’s series of “The World of Seven Virtues,” Fortitude is represented here as a courageous angel, standing upon the neck of evil as she tethers the chain around his neck. Nothing seems to distract her, amidst the brewing and tumultuous scene of men in the background, conquering their evil vices. It is splendidly engraved, with fruitful detail and endless action.

According to H. Arthur Klein:
The Fortitude Bruegel represents in this print is the virtue whereby men overcome vices. It is a positive, militant quality. It is by no means a mere omission of evil acts; neither is it rash or reckless bravado. It is the courageous facing and conquest of harmful passions and the sins to which they lead. (130)

Created c. 1560, Fortitude features the following inscription in the lower margin: ANIMVM VINCERE, IRACVNDIAM COHIBERE, CAETERAQ [VE] VITIA ET, AFFECTVS | COHIBERE, VERA FORTITVDO EST (To conquer one’s impulses, to restrain anger and the other vices and emotions: this is the true fortitude). The signature of Bruegel is inscribed in the lower right: ‘Bruegel Inuentor’ with FORTITVDO (Fortitude) in the lower center. A lifetime impression from the only state of two by Philips Galle based on an original work by Pieter Bruegel featuring the inscribed text plate along the lower margin on watermarked paper dating the piece to c. 1559 – 1591 (Gothic P with Flower, Br. 8715 - 8723).

ABOUT THE FRAMING:
Set in a Spanish style black and gold frame, the ribbon detailing of the moulding compliments the meandering curved shapes within the image. The black and gold coloration of the work also serves to enhance the contrasting colors within the frame as well. Completed with white, linen-wrapped mats with a matching gold inner fillet, Fortitude is set behind an archival Plexiglas cover.

CATALOGUE(S) EN LIGNE:  Masterworks Fine Art Gallery Inventory Catalogue
PUBLICATIONS:  CATALOGUE RAISONNÉ & COA:
It is fully documented and referenced in the below catalogue raisonnés and texts (copies will be enclosed as added documentation with the invoices that will accompany the final sale of the work):

1) Bastelaer, René van. The Prints of Peter Bruegel the Elder, Catalogue Raisonné New Edition, Alan Wofsy Fine Arts: San Francisco, 1992. Listed and illustrated as catalogue raisonné no. 137 on pgs. 184-5.
2) Briquet, C.M. Les Filigranes, Dictionnaire Historique des Marques du Papier, Tome III L-O. Verlag: Leipzig, 1923. Watermark listed and illustrated as catalogue raisonné no. 8715 – 8723 on pg. 468.
3) Klein, H. Arthur. Graphic Worlds of Peter Bruegel the Elder, Dover Publications: New York, 1963. Listed and illustrated as catalogue raisonné no. 53 on pgs. 130-1.
4) Orenstein, Nadine M., ed. for the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Pieter Bruegel the Elder: Drawings and Prints, Yale University Press: New Haven, 2001. Listed and illustrated as catalogue raisonné nos. 74-5 on pgs. 188-9 with further footnote reference on pg. 193.
5) Sellink, M. Pieter Bruegel: The Complete Paintings, Drawings and Prints. Ludion: NY, 2007. Listed and illustrated as catalogue raisonné no. 75 on p. 189.

 
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