Fernando Botero (colombien, né le 19 avril 1932 à Medellín) est célèbre pour ses peintures et ses sculptures, représentant des animaux, des silhouettes aux proportions exagérées et reflétant le goût de l’artiste pour la satire, la caricature et les commentaires politiques dans son travail. Botero commence à exposer ses peintures à Medellín en 1948 puis travaille en tant que décorateur à Bogotá. Dans les années 1950, il parcourt plusieurs pays européens, notamment l’Espagne, l’Italie et la France pour étudier le travail des maîtres du baroque et de la Renaissance. Il voyage également au Mexique pour se familiariser avec l’avant-garde mexicaine. Botero devient célèbre pour la diversité des sources de son travail, passant de l’imagerie folklorique colombienne aux œuvres canoniques de Diego Rodríguez de Silva y Velázquez (espagnol, 1599-1660), Pablo Picasso (espagnol, 1881-1973) et Francisco de Goya (espagnol, 1746-1828).

Dans ses représentations de la vie latino-américaine contemporaine, il décrit la domination de la pauvreté et de la violence en Colombie aussi bien à travers des images sombres que dans ses célèbres silhouettes aux proportions exagérées, ses représentations satiriques des présidents latino-américains, des premières dames et des officiels du gouvernement. La rencontre avec Dorothy Miller du MoMA au début des années 1960 marque un tournant dans sa carrière ; elle acquiert son travail au moment où l’abstraction est à son apogée et ses compositions sont exposées lors d’une grande exposition du musée, solidifiant ainsi sa réputation internationale. Dans les années 1970, Botero s’installe à Paris, où il crée de grandes sculptures figuratives aux formes arrondies. Il poursuit son engagement en montrant des images de sa ville natale et en utilisant une imagerie ouvertement politique. Son récent travail inclut de grands tableaux de prisonniers d’Abu Ghraib comme commentaire direct sur la guerre en Irak. Ses œuvres sont exposées au MoMA de Copenhague, au musée Maillol de Paris, au Palais de Venise à Romee, au musée de l’Ermitage à Saint-Petersbourg et au musée national de Bogotá. Il vit et travaille actuellement à Paris, Montecarlo et New York.

Chronologie

1932
Born: Medellin, Colombia
1950
Graduated from Medellin University
1952
Studied, San Fernando Academy and the Prado Museum, Madrid, Spain
1953 – 1955
Studied fresco techniques and art history, Florence, Italy
1955
Returned to Colombia
1960
Took up residence in New York
Won Guggenheim National Prize for Colombia
1967
Visited Italy and Germany; studied work of Dürer in Munich and Nuremberg, Germany
1973
Moves to Paris, France
Lives and works in Paris, Monte Carlo, Pietrasanta and New York

Expositions

2012 – 2013
Museo Bellas Artes de Bilbao, Bilbao, Spain
2012
Una celebración, Palacio Bellas Artes de México, Mexico
2012
Hommage zum 80. Geburtstag, Botero - Gemälde, Skulpturen und Zeichnungen, Samuelis Baumgarte Galerie, Bielefeld, Germany
2010
Art is deformation, Nassau County Museum of Art, Roslyn Harbor, NY (solo)
Inaurgural Exhibition: Fernando Botero, David Benrimon Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Latinas!, Nassau County Museum of Art, Roslyn Harbor, NY
2009
Gary Nader Fine Art, Coral Gables, FL
Fernando Botero: The Circus. James Goodman Gallery, New York, NY
El Dolor de Colombia, Pinacoteca Diego Rivero, Xalapa, Veracruz, Mexico
2008
The Baroque World of Fernando Botero, Brooks Museum of Art, Memphis, TN; New Orleans Museum of Art, New Orleans, LA; Delaware Art Museum, Wilmington, DE
2007 – 2008
Botero: Oeuvres récentes, Marlborough Monaco, Monte Carlo, Monaco (solo)
2007
Fernando Botero: Abu Ghraib, University of California, Berkeley, CA (solo)
The Baroque World of Fernando Botero, Musée National des Beaux-Arts du Québec, Canada (solo)
Delaware Art Museum, Wilmington, DE (solo)
New Orleans Museum of Art, New Orleans, LA (solo)
Summer Exhibition, Marlborough Gallery, New York, NY
Latin Masters, Nassau County Museum of Art, Roslyn Harbor, New York, NY
Fernando Botero, Samuelis Baumgarte Galerie, Bielefeld, Germany (solo)
2007
Malerei und Skulptur, Samuelis Baumgarte Galerie, Bielefeld, Germany
2006
Sculpture, Marlborough Gallery, New York, NY
Summer Group Show, Marlborough Gallery, New York, NY
Fernando Botero, Athens Concert Hall, Greece (solo)
Fernando Botero: Abu Ghraib, Marlborough Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
2005
Landscape, Cityscape, Marlborough Gallery, New York, NY
Palazzo Venezia, Rome, Italy
2004
The Art Museum, Singapore
2003
The Doge’s Palace and other locations, Venice, Italy
The Gemeente Museum, Aja
The Maillol Museum, Paris, France
2002
Museum of Modern Art, Copenhagen, Denmark
2001
Moderna Musset, Stockholm, Sweden
2000
The Museum of Antioquìa, Medellìn, Colombia
1998 – 1999
San Paolo Museum of Art, San Paolo, Brazil
The National Museum of Fine Arts, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
The Monterey Museum of Contemporary Art, Monterey, CA
The Art Museum, Tel Aviv, Israel
1997
The Modern Art Museum of Lugano, Lugano, Switzerland
The National Musuum of Fine Arts, Santiago, Chile
1996
The Israel Museum, Jerusalem, Israel
The Art Museum of the Americas, Washington, DC
Niigata Prefectoral Modern Art Museum, Niigata, Japan
Sonje Museum of Contemporary Art, Kyongju, South Korea
The Sofia Imber Museum of Contemporary Art, Caracas, Venezuela
1994 – 1995
Museo of Art, Takamatsu City, Japan
Shinjuku Mitsukoshi Museum of Art, Tokyo, Japan
Iwaki City Art Museum, Iwaki, Japan
1994
Helsinki City Art Museum, Helsinki, Finland
The National Museum of Fine Arts, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Paseo de Recolet, Madrid, Spain
Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Paseo de Recoletes, Madrid, Spain
Museum of Art, Fort Lauderdale, FL
1992 – 1993
Montecarlo Kunsthaus, Vienna, Austria
Champs-Elysées, Paris, France
The Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg, Russia
1991
Exhibition Palace, Rome, Italy
1989
The Coro Museum of the Arts, Coro, Venezuela
The Contemporary Museum of Art, Caracas, Venezuela
The Rufino Tamayo Museum, Oaxaca, Mexico
1987
The Queen Sofia Center for the Arts, Madrid, Spain
1986
The Contemporary Art Museum, Caracas, Venezuela
Municipal Art Museum, Niigata, Japan
Museum of Art, Albany, NY
1985
The National Museum, Bogota, Colombia
The Ponce Museum, Puerto Rico
1984
The Munson-Williams-Proctor Museum of Art, Ithaca, NY
The Everhard Museum, Scranton, PA
The Herbert F. Johnson Museum, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY
1983
The Veranneman Foundation, Belgium
1981
The Civic Museum of Art, Osaka, Japan
The Seibu Museum of Art, Tokyo, Japan
1979
The d’Ixelles Museum, Brussels, Belgium
The Hirschorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, DC
The South Texas Museum of Art, Corpus Christi, TX
1978
Sculpture Museum of the city of Marl, Marl, Germany
1977
The Medellìn Museum of Art, Medellìn, Colombia
1976
The Museum of Comtemporary Art, Caracas, Venezuela
1975
The Boymans van Beuningen Museum, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
1972
Marlborough Gallery, New York, NY
Buchholz, Munich, Germany
Claude Bernard, Paris, France
1970
Fernando Botero: Bilder 1962-1969, Staatliche Kunsthalle, Baden-Baden, Germany; Traveled to: Haus am Waldsee, Berlin, Germany; Stadtische Kunsthalle, Dusseldorf, Germany; Kunstverein, Hamburg, Germany; and Kunsthalle, Bielefeld, Germany
Botero, Galerie Buchholz, Munich, Germany
Fernando Botero, Hanover Gallery, London, UK
1969
Fernando Botero, Center for Inter-American Relations, New York, NY
Botero: Peintures, pastels, fusains, Galerie Claude Bernard, Paris, France
1969
Inflated Images, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
1968
Botero, Galería Juana Mordó, Madrid, Spain
Botero, Galerie Buchholz, Munich, Germany
1966
Fernando Botero, Staatliche Kunsthalle, Baden-Baden, Germany; Traveled to: Galerie Buchholz, Munich, Germany, Galerie Brusberg, Hanover, Germany
Fernando Botero: Recent Works, Milwaukee Art Center, Milwaukee, WI
1965
Botero: Recent Works, Zora Gallery, Los Angeles, CA
1964
Cordoba Bienale, Argentina
Fernando Botero: Bosquejos realidades, Galería Arte Moderno, Bogotá, Colombia
Fernando Botero: Obras recientes, Museo de Arte Moderno, Bogotá, Colombia
1962
7 Contemporary Painters, Museum of Modern Art, Bogota
Botero, Gres Gallery, Chicago, IL
Botero, The Contemporaries, New York, NY
1961
Botero, Galería de Arte El Callejón, Bogotá, Colombia
1960
Botero, Gres Gallery, Washington, DC
1959
Botero: Obras recientes, Biblioteca Nacional de Colombia, Sala Gregorio Vásquez, Bogotá, Colombia
1958
Fernando Botero: Oleos, Galería Antonio Souza, Mexico D.F., Mexico
Fernando Botero: Recent Oils, Watercolors, Drawings, Gres Gallery, Washington, DC
1957
Pan American Union, Washington, DC
1955
Biblioteca Nacional, Bogota, Colombia
1951
Leo Matiz Gallery, Bogota, Colombia

Collections publiques

Pushkin Museum, Moscow, Russia
Setagaya Art Museum, Tokyo
The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York
Sonje Museum of Contemporary Art, Kyongju, Korea
Staatgalerie Moderne Kunst, Munich, Germany
Tel Aviv Museum of Art, Tel Aviv, Israel
The State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia
Tokushima Modern Art Museum, Japan
Wallraf-Richartz-Museum, Cologne, Germany
Yamanashi Prefectural Museum of Art, Japan
Museo Nacional, Bogota, Colombia
Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Santiago, Chile
Museum of Art, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania
Museum of Art, The Rhode Island School of Design, Providence, Rhode Island
Museum Moderne Kunst, Vienna, Austria
The Museum of Modern Art, New York
The Museum of Modern Art, Saitama, Japan
Neue Pinakothek, Munich, Germany
Niigata Prefectoral Modern Art Museum, Niigata, Japan
Ponce Museum of Art, Ponce, Puerto Rico
Meadow Brook Art Gallery, Oakland University, Rochester, Michigan
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
M.H.K. Foundation, Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Milwaukee Art Museum, Wisconsin
Miyagi Museum of Art, Japan
Museo d’Arte Moderna del Vaticano, Rome, Italy
Museo de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia
Museo de Arte Contemporaneo de Caracas, Venezuela
Museo de Arte Moderno, Bogota, Colombia
Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas, Venezuela
Gelerie-Verein, Munich, Germany
The Grey Art Gallery and Study Center, New York University Art Collection, New York
Guild Hall Museum, East Hampton, New York
Hiroshima City Museum of Contemporary Art, Japan
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC
Ho-am Museum, Seoul, South Korea
Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire
Israel Museum, Jerusalem
Kunsthalle Nuremberg, Germany
Lowe Art Museum, University of Miami, Coral Gables, Florida
Archer M. Huntington Art Gallery, University of Texas at Austin, Texas
Astrup Museum, Oslo, Norway
Ateneumin Taidemuseo, Helsinki, Finland
The Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, Maryland
Birmingham Museum of Art, Birmingham, Alabama
Collezione d’Arte Religiosa Moderna, Monumenti, Musei e Gallerie Pontificie, Vatican City, Italy
Coleccion Fernando Botero, Fundacion Santander Central Hispano, Medellin, Colombia
Donacion Fernando Botero, Coleccion Banco de la Republica, Santa Fe de Bogota, Colombia
Edwin A. Ulrich Museum of Art, Wichita State University, Kansas
Fondation Veranneman, Kruishoutem, Belgium

Publications

2008
Castro Flórez, Fernando. Fernando Botero: Abu Ghraib, El circo. Valencia : Institut Valencià d'Art Modern, 2008
2007
Buysschaert, M., Chiappini, R., Malerba, F., Ruzzante, A., (eds.) Botero: works 1994-2007. Milan; NY: Distributed in North America by Rizzoli International Publications, 2007
2006
Ebony, D. Botero : Abu Ghraib. Munich ; New York : Prestel, c2006.
Sillevis, J., Elliott, E., Sullivan, E.J. The Baroque world of Fernando Botero. Alexandria, Va. : Art Services International ; New Haven : In association with Yale University Press, 2006
2005
Strinati, C., Veltroni, W., Botero : the last 15 years. Roma : De Luca Editori d’Arte, c2005 (catalogue)
2003
Gribaudo, P., Fuentes, C., Botero: women. New York : Rizzoli : Distributed to the U.S. trade by St. Martin’s Press, 2003
2001
Botero: monumental sculpture. New York : Marlborough Gallery, 2001 (catalogue)
2000
Sullivan, E. J., Tasset, J. M. Fernando Botero: monograph & catalogue raisonné : paintings 1975-1990. Lausanne : Acatos, 2000 (catalogue raisonné)
Escallon, Ana Maria (artist interview). BOTERO New Works on Canvas. New York : Rizzoli International, 2000.
1999
Villegas, B., Fumaroli, M., Botero drawings. Bogota : Villegas Editores, 1999
1998
Lambert, J. C., Villegas, B., Botero sculptures. Bogotá : Villegas Editores, 1998
Fernando Botero: drawings and watercolors on canvas. New York : Marlborough, 1998 (catalogue)
1997
Escallón, A. M., Botero: new works on canvas. New York : Rizzoli International Publications, 1997
Aguirre, E. (et al.), Botero : la corrida. adrid : Ministerio de Educación y Cultura : Fundación Central Hispano : Communidad de Madrid, 1997 (catalogue)
1993
Sullivan, E.J., Fernando Botero: drawings and watercolors. New York : Rizzoli, 1993
Gribaudo, P. Botero Affreschi - Chiesa della Misericordia, Pietrasanta. Torino: Stamperia Artistica Nazionale, 1993 (catalogue)
Fernando Botero: drawings on canvas. New York, NY : Marlborough Gallery, 1993 (catalogue)
1992
Cau, J. Botero aux Champs-Elysées “La Corrida aux Grand Palais”. Paris: Mairie de Paris and Didier Imbert Fine Art. Edition of 3, Sculptures et Œuvres sur Papier,” by Pierre Daix, “Sculptures Monumentales,” by Charles Virmaître, 1992 (catalogue)
Sullivan, E.J. Botero: Aquarelles et Dessins. Madrid: Lerner & Lerner, 1992(catalogue)
Vargas Llosa, Mario. Botero: Dessins et Aquarelles. Paris: Editions de la Difference, (nd), 1992 (catalogue)
1991
Pacifico, M., Silvestro S., and Giorgio Van Straten. Botero al Forte Belvedere di Firenze. Florence: Tipolito Press, 1991 (catalogue)
1990
Caballero Bonald, J. M. Botero: the bullfight. New York, N.Y. : Rizzoli, 1990
Gribaudo, P. Botero. Milan: Gruppo Editoriale Fabbri, 1990
Soavi, Giorgio. Fernando Botero - Œuvres 1959-1989. Paris: Celiv, 1990 (catalogue)
1986
Sullivan, E. J. Botero, sculpture. New York : Abbeville Press, 1986
1980
Ratcliff, C. Fernando Botero: recent work. November 7 -December 2, 1980. Marlborough Gallery, New York: the Gallery, 1980 (catalogue)
1979
Jaffee McCabe, C. Fernando Botero: Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden. Washington : Smithsonian Institution Press, 1979 (catalogue)
1975
Fernando Botero. New York, Marlborough Gallery, 1975 (catalogue)
1973
Fernando Botero.April-maggio. Roma : Marlborough galleria d'arte, 1973 (catalogue)