Gabriel Orozco (américain/mexicain, né le 27 avril 1962 à Jalapa) est un peintre, un sculpteur et un photographe contemporain connu pour transformer les objets de tous les jours et explorer la frontière entre sphères publiques et privées. Né au Mexique, il étudie à l’Escuela Nacional de Arte Plásticas de Mexico City et au Círculo de Bellas Artes de Madrid. Les premières œuvres d’Orozco suivent les traditions des readymades de Marcel Duchamp : Cats and Watermelons présentent 11 boîtes de nourriture pour chats posées sur des pastèques et Yogurt Cap est une série de couvercles transparents aux bordures colorées.

L’intérêt d’Orozco pour la cartographie et les formes géométriques est évident dans Horses Running Endlessly (1995), Oval with Pendulum (1996) et The Atomists (1996), série de photographies découpées à partir de journaux recouverts de cercles et de lignes. Influencé par ses nombreux voyages et l’art traditionnel mexicain, Orozco crée des œuvres en terre cuite pour documenta XI en 2002 et interroge le rôle de l’artisanat dans un ensemble artistique. Le travail d’Orozco est exposé dans de nombreuses institutions internationales, comme la Biennale de Venise, le musée d'art moderne de Paris, le musée d’art contemporain de Los Angeles et la galerie Serpentine de Londres. Orozco vit et travaille à New York et à Mexico City.

Chronologie

1962
Born in Veracruz, Mexico
1981 – 1984
Escuela Nacional de Arte Plásticas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico City, Mexico
1986 – 1987
Circulo de Bellas Artes, Madrid, Spain
1987
Secció Espacios Alternativos Prize, Salón Nacional de Artes Plásticas, Museo de Arte Moderno, Mexico City, Mexico
1995
DAAD Artist in Residence Grant, Berlin, Germany
2006
German Blue Orange Prize
Lives and works in New York, Paris and Mexico City

Expositions

2012 – 2013
Asterisms, Guggenheim Museum, New York, USA
2012
Gabriel Orozco, Deutsche Guggenheim, Berlin, Germany (solo)
2011
Gabriel Orozco: Corplegados and Particles, Marian Goodman Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
2011
Tate Modern, London, UK (solo)
2010
Gabriel Orozco: Selected Works, PKM Trinity Gallery, Seoul, South Korea (solo)
2010
Gabriel Orozco, Kunstmuseum Basel, Basel, Switzerland; travelled to Musée national d’art moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France (solo)
2010
Collected Visions, Bronx Museum of the Arts (BxMA), Bronx, NY
2010
Changing the Focus: The Art of Latin American Photography, Museum of Latin American Art (MoLAA), Long Beach, CA
2009
Le Travail de Riviere, Centre d’ art contemporain d’Ivry – Le Credac, Ivry sur Seine, France
2009
Gabriel Orozco, Middlesbrough Institute of Modern Art, Middlesbrough, UK (solo)
2009
Gabriel Orozco, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY (solo)
2009
Desenhos [Drawings]: A – Z, Pavilhão Branco – Museu da Cidade, Lisbon, Portugal
2009
A mancha humana/ the human stain, Centro Galego de Arte Contemporánea(CGAC), Santiago de Compostela, Spain
2009
Universal Code, The Power Plant, Toronto, Canada
2009
As Long As It Lasts, Marian Goodman Gallery, New York, NY
2009
Continuous Present, Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, CT
2008
New Perspectives in Latin American Art, 1930-2006: Selections from a Decade of Acquisitions, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
2008
Collecting Collections: Highlights from the Permanent Collection of the Museum of Contemporary Art, Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, CA
2008
La Colección: La Tradición de la Rupturas, Museo Arte Moderno, Mexico City, Mexico
2008
Las Implicaciones de la Imagen, Colección Coppel MUCA, Mexico City, Mexico
2008
Gabriel Orozco: Inner Circles of the Wall, The Dallas Museum of Fine Art, Dallas, TX (solo)
2008
Marian Goodman Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
2007
Hidden in Plain Sight: Contemporary Photographs from the Collection, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY
2007
“Art in Motion,” Museum of Contemporary Art, Miami, FL
2006
Grey Flags, Sculpture Center, Long Island City, NY
2006
Super Vision, The Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston, MA
2006
Universal Experience: Art Life, and the Tourist’s Eye, Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, IL and The Hayward Gallery, London, UK
2006
Part Object, Part Sculpture, Wexner Center for the Arts, Columbus, OH
2006
The Miraculous and the Everyday, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA
2006
Museo d'Arte Moderna e Contemporanea di Trento e Rovereto, Rovereto, Italy
2006
Gabriel Orozco, Museo del Palacio de Bellas Artes, Mexico City, Mexico (solo)
2006
Museum Ludwig, Cologne, Germany (solo)
2006
Twelve Paintings and a Drawing, White Cube Mason’s Yard, London, UK (solo)
2005
Fundación Marcelino Botín, Santander, Spain (solo)
2005
Palacio de Velázquez, Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid, Spain (solo)
2005
Marian Goodman Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
2005
El mito de vos Volcanes: Popocatepet e Iztaccinvatl, Museo del Palacio de Bellas Artes, Mexico City, Mexico
2005
Covering the Real: Arts and the Press Picture, from Warhol to Tillmans, Kunstmuseum Basel, Basel, Switzerland
2005
The Experience of Art: 51st Venice Biennale, Venice, Italy
2005
Farsites: Urban Crisis and Domestic Symptoms in Recent Contemporary Art, San Diego Museum of Art, San Diego, CA
2005
Luna Park: Fantastic Art, Villa Manin Centro d'Arte Contemporanea, Codroipo, Italy
2005
De l'architecture, Galerie Marian Goodman, Paris, France
2005
Bidibidobidiboo, Fondazione Sandretto Re Rebaudengo, Turin, Italy
2004
Do You Believe In Reality?: 2004 Taipei Biennial, Taipei, Taiwan
2004
Monument to Now, Deste Foundation, Athens, Greece
2004
Reflecting the Mirror, Marian Goodman Gallery, New York, NY
2004
Uses of the Image: Photography, Film and Video in the Jumex Collection, Malba Colección Constantini and Fundación Telefónica, Buenos Aires, Argentina
2004
Photographs, Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, DC (solo)
2004
Gabriel Orozco, Serpentine Gallery, London, UK (solo)
2003
The Weight of the Sun, The Douglas Hyde Gallery, Dublin, Ireland (solo)
2003
Museo de Arte Contemporáneo de Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico (solo)
2003
Centro de Artes Visuais, Coimbra, Portugal (solo)
2003
Marian Goodman Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
2003
Plunder, Dundee Contemporary Arts, Dundee, Scotland
2003
Common Wealth, Tate Modern, London, UK
2003
Fast Forward: Media Art from the Goetz Collection, ZKM/Center for Art and Media, Karlsruhe, Germany
2003
Moving Pictures, Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao, Spain
2003
Work Ethic, Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore; Des Moines Art Center, Des Moines and Wexner Center for the Arts, Columbus, OH
2003
A Sculpture Show, Marian Goodman Gallery, New York, NY
2003
Site Specific, Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, IL
2003
Dreams and Conflicts. The Dictatorship of The Viewer: 50th Venice Biennale, Venice, Italy
2003
The Gift: Generous Offerings, Threatening Hospitality, Art Gallery of Hamilton, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
2003
Drawing Modern: Works from the Agnes Gund Collection, Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH
2003
Memory and Landscape, La Casa Encendida, Madrid, Spain
2002
Passenger: The Viewer as Participant, Astrup Fearnley Museet for Moderne Kunst, Oslo, Germany
2002
Minor Alterations, Center for Curatorial Studies, Bard College, Annandale-on-Hudson, NY
2002
Tempo, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
2002
Documenta 11, Kassel, Germany
2002
Moving Pictures, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY
2002
Public Affairs, Kunsthaus Zürich, Zurich, Switzerland
2002
Dialogos entredos mementos del arte Mexicano, Museo de Arte Moderno, Mexico City, Mexico
2002
En Route, Serpentine Gallery, London, UK
2002
Marian Goodman Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
2001
Marian Goodman Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
2001
ARS 01, KIASMA, Museum of Contemporary Art, Helsinki, Finland
2001
Yokohama 2001: International Triennial of Contemporary Art, Yokohama, Japan
2001
Dévoler, Vivent les Frac (suite), Institut d’Art Contemporain, Villeurbanne, France
2001
Places in the Mind: Modern Photographs from the Collection, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY
2000
Versiones del Sur: Cinco Propuestas en Torno al Arte en América, Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid, Spain
2000
Sabrosa, El Instituto de Cultura de Morelos, Cuernavaca, Mexico
2000
Let’s Entertain, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN
2000
A Celebration of Contemporary Art. Vanitas: meditations on life and death in contemporary art, Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, VA
2000
Orbis Terrarum, Museum Plantin-Moretus, Atwerp, Belgium
2000
Gabriel Orozco, The Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, CA; Museo Internacional Rufino Tamayo, Mexico City, Mexico; Museo de Arte Contemporáneo de Monterrey, Monterrey, Mexico (solo)
2000
Blue Memory, Shima/Islands, Mirei Shigemori Residence, Kyoto, Japan (solo)
1999
Gabriel Orozco, Portikus, Frankfurt am Main, Germany (solo)
1999
Centre pour l’Image Contemporaine, Geneva, Switzerland (solo)
1999
Gabriel Orozco: Photogravity, Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA (solo)
1999
La Villle, Le Jardin, La Mémoire, Villa Medici, Rome, Italy
1999
infra-slim space, Birmingham Museum of Art, Birmingham, AL
1999
Looking for a Place: SITE Sante Fe Biennial, Sante Fe, NM
1999
Carnegie International, Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh, PA
1999
La Casa, il corpo, il cuore, Museum Moderner Kunst Stiftung Ludwig Wien, Vienna, Austria
1999
Diary, Cornerhouse, Manchester, UK
1998
Marian Goodman Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1998
St. Louis Museum of Art, St. Louis, MO (solo)
1998
Centro Fotográfico Álvarez Bravo, Oaxaca, Mexico (solo)
1998
Clinton is Innocent, ARC/Musée Nationale d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, Paris, France (solo)
1998
Breaking Ground, Marian Goodman Gallery, New York, NY
1998
Auf der Spur. Kunst der 90er Jahre im Spiegel von Schweizer Sammlungen, Kunsthalle Zürich, Zurich, Switzerland
1998
Berlin Biennal, Berlin, Germany
1998
São Paulo Biennal, São Paulo, Brazil
1998
Propositions II, Musée Départemental d'Art Contemporain Château de Rochechouart, Haute-Vienne, France
1997
Recordings and Drawings, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands (solo)
1997
Staatliche Museum am Kulturforum, Berlin, Germany (solo)
1997
Centre de la Vieille Charité, Marseilles, France (solo)
1996
Kunsthalle Zürich, Zurich, Switzerland (solo) Kunsthalle Zürich, Zurich
1996
Institute of Contemporary Art, London, UK (solo)
1996
The Empty Club, Artangel, London, UK (solo)
1996
Marian Goodman Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1996
Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (solo)
1995
Migrateurs, ARC/Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, Paris, France (solo)
1994
Marian Goodman Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1994
Gabriel Orozco, Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, IL (solo)
1993
The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY (solo)
1993
Kanaal Art Foundation, Kortrijk, Belgium (solo)