Gerhard Richter (né le 9 février 1932) figure parmi les peintres les plus importants de l’après-guerre. Né à Dresde en Allemagne, sa jeunesse a été marquée par les régimes communiste et nazi en Allemagne. Sa relation difficile avec l’histoire allemande restera le thème central de son travail. Au début des années 1950, il étudie à la Kunstakademie de Dresde où il s’initie à la peinture réaliste socialiste, avant de déménager en Allemagne de l’Ouest pour étudier l’art avant-garde à la Kunstakademie de Düsseldorf. Richter y noue de nombreuses relations, dont des amitiés avec les étudiants Sigmar Polke, Konrad Fischer-Leug et Georg Baselitz. Avec Polke et Fischer-Leug, Richter crée le mouvement de l’art réaliste capitaliste, et expose des œuvres ironiques s’inspirant des imprimés, du mouvement Fluxus et de performances artistiques. Cependant, Richter continue de se considérer avant tout comme un peintre.

Dans ses Fotobilder (photo-peintures) réalisées au cours des années 1960, il peint des œuvres à l’aide de sources photographiques, insufflant un rendu naturaliste aux images grâce au flou et à des techniques picturales. Ces travaux ont valu à Richter d’être acclamé par la critique. Au début des années 1970, il commence à étudier les effets, tant au niveau visuel qu’au niveau des textures, provoqués par l’application pure de peinture sur une toile. Cet effet est visible dans l’œuvre Color Charts, Vermalung et dans d’autres séries, alternant entre peintures abstraites et formes naturalistes dans son travail. Des rétrospectives ont été organisées au Musée d’Art Contemporain de Chicago ainsi qu’au MoMA de New York, en complément, entre autres, d’expositions importantes à la Biennale de Venise et à la documenta de Cassel en Allemagne. Il vit toujours et réside à Cologne en Allemagne.

Chronologie

1932
Born in Dresden, Germany
1952 – 1957
Studied at the Dresden Art Academy, Dresden, Germany
1961 – 1963
Studied at the Düsseldorf Art Academy under KO Gotz, Düsseldorf, Germany
1967
Art prize "Junger Westen" of the city of Recklinghausen, Germany
1981
Arnold Bode Prize, Kassel, Germany
1985
Oskar Kokoschka Prize, Vienna, Austria
1988
Kaiserring of the city of Goslar, Germany
1971 – 1993
Taught at the Staatliche Kunstakademie, Düsseldorf, Germany
1995
Wolf Prize in Arts, Jerusalem, Israel
1997
Golden Lion of the 47th Biennale in Venice, Venice, Italy
1997
Premium Imperial Prize, Tokyo, Japan
1998
Wexner Prize, Columbus, OH
2000
Staatspreis of the State Nordrhein-Westfalen, Düsseldorf, Germany
2001
Doctoris honoris causa of the Université catholique de Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
Lives and works in Cologne, Germany

Expositions

2013
Neuerwerbungen FrÜhjahr 2013 - Galerie Ludorff, Dusseldorf
geteilt | ungeteilt - Kunst in Deutschland 1945 bis 2010 - Galerie Neue Meister - Albertinum, Dresden
NeuenGalerie - neu gesehen: Sammlung + documenta-Erwerbungen - Neue Galerie, Kassel
Dansk Og International Kunst Efter 1900 - Statens museum for kunst, Copenhagen
Clouds - World of the Ephemeral - Leopold Museum, Vienna
Contra Tàpies - Fundación Antoni Tàpies, Barcelona
Von Kopf bis Fuß - Porträts und Menschenbilder in der Sammlung Würth - Kunsthalle Würth, Schwäbisch Hall
Don't Be Shy, Don't Hold Back - The Logan Collection At Sfmoma - San Francisco Museum of Modern Art - SFMOMA, San Francisco, CA
Give Us This Day ... When Art Goes To Church - Museet for Religiøs Kunst, Lemvig
Gerhard Richter - Palazzo Re Rebaudengo, Guarene d'Alba (CN)
2012
New Strip Paintings and 8 Glass Panels - Wako Works of Art, Tokyo
Gerhard Richter - Museo de Arte de Lima - MALI, Lima
Gerhard Richter - Volker Bradtke, Dusseldorf
Gerhard Richter - Marian Goodman Gallery, New York City, NY
Gerhard Richter, Panorama - Centre Pompidou - Musée National d´Art Moderne, Paris
Gerhard Richter - Anima Gallery, The Pearl
Gerhard Richter - Beirut - Beirut Art Center, Beirut
Seven Works - Portland Art Museum, Portland, OR
Gerhard Richter: October 18, 1977 (1988) - Alte Nationalgalerie, Berlin
Gerhard Richter - Panorama - Neue Nationalgalerie, Berlin
GERHARD RICHTER – EDITIONS - me Collectors Room Berlin, Berlin
Gerhard Richter – Das Prinzip der Serialität in Malerei und Grafik - GALERIE SPRINGER BERLIN, Berlin
Gerhard Richter - Kunstgewerbemuseum Dresden, Dresden
Gerhard Richter - Atlas - Kunsthalle im Lipsiusbau, Dresden
Gerhard Richter - Galerie Löhrl, Mönchengladbach
2011
Gerhard Richter: Panorama - Tate Modern, London (England)
Gerhard Richter - Galerie Marian Goodman, Paris
Sinbad - FLAG Art Foundation, New York City, NY
Gerhard Richter. Bilder einer Epoche - Bucerius Kunst Forum, Hamburg
2010
Gerhard Richter, Marian Goodman Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
2009
Gerhard Richter. Survey, Museo de Artes Visuales (MAVI), Santiago, Chile; Museo Nacional de Arte, La Paz, Bolivia (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Modern Times (Artist Rooms), Middlesbrough Institute of Modern Art (mima), Middlesbrough, UK (solo)
St. Moritz Art Masters. Gerhard Richter, Paracelsus Building, St. Moritz, Switzerland (solo)
Wege in der Gegenwart. Gerhard Richter, Kunsthaus Villa Jauss, Oberstdorf, Germany (solo)
Double. 2 Seascapes, Museum für Moderne Kunst, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
PhotoEspaña. Gerhard Richter. Overpainted Photographs, Fundación Telefónica, Madrid, Spain; Centre de la photographie, Geneva, Switzerland (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Paintings From Private Collections, Museum Küppersmühle, Duisburg, Germany (solo)
Richter en France, Musée de Grenoble, Grenoble, France (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Abstract Paintings, Haus der Kunst, Munich, Germany (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Portraits, National Portrait Gallery, London, UK (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Retrospektive, Albertina, Vienna, Austria, 2009 (solo)
2008
Gerhard Richter, Kumu Art Museum, Tallinn, Estonia (solo)
Gerhard Richter, Museum De Pont, Tilburg, The Netherlands (solo)
Gerhard Richter. 4900 Colours, Serpentine Gallery, London, UK (solo)
Prints of Gerhard Richter, Saint Louis Art Museum, St. Louis, AL (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Paintings 1963 - 2007, National Art Museum of China, Beijing, China (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Panorama, Cultuurcentrum Strombeek, Belgium (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Paintings from Private Collections, Royal Scottish Academy Building, National Gallery Complex, Edinburgh, UK (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Abstrakte Bilder, Museum Ludwig, Cologne, Germany (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Overpainted Photographs, Museum Morsbroich, Leverkusen, Germany
Gerhard Richter. 48 Portraits, De Pont Museum voor hedendaagse kunst, Tilburg, The Netherlands (solo)
2007
Gerhard Richter, Art Gallery of Uzbekistan, Taschkent, Uzbekistan
Gerhard Richter: 30 years of editions, Kunsthandel Jorg MaaB, Berlin, German
Gerhard Richter. Survey, Gallery of Fine Arts, Osijek, Croatia; Croatian Artists Centre, Zagreb, Croatia; Lewis Glucksman Gallery, Cork, Ireland; Georgian National Museum, Tbilisi, Georgia (solo)
2006
Gerhard Richter, Neues Museum Weserburg, Bremen, Germany
Zeitschnitt, Samuelis Baumgarte Galerie, Bielefeld, Germany
Gerhard Richter. Survey, Museum of Russian Art, Kiev, Ukraine; National Centre of Contemporary Art, Moscow, Russian Federation; The State Museum of City Sculpture, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation; Kaliningrad State Art Gallery, Kaliningrad, Russian Federation (solo)
Gerhard Richter. sichtweise-schichtweise, Galerie Terminus, Munich, Germany (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Portraits, Museumsberg Flensburg, Flensburg, Germany
Gerhard Richter, Wako Works of Art, Tokyo, Japan (solo)
Gerhard Richter, National Museum of Contemporary Art, Korea (solo)
2005
Gerhard Richter, Marian Goodman, New York, NY (solo)
Works on paper, Mike Karstens, Münster, Germany (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Survey, Laznia Centre for Contemporary Art, Gdansk, Poland (solo)
Gerhard Richter. New Works, Wako Works of Art, Tokyo, Japan (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Painting as Mirror, Kawamura Memorial Museum of Art, Japan; 21st Century Museum of Contemporary Art, Kanazawa, Japan (solo)
Gerhard Richter, Cuxhavener Kunstverein, Cuxhaven, Germany (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Strontium, De Young Museum, San Francisco, CA (solo)
Gerhard Richter. 2.5.89-7.5.89. Sechs Fotos, Corkin Shopland Gallery, Toronto, Canada (solo)
2004
Gerhard Richter, Moving Energies, Museum Folkwang, Essen, Germany (solo)
Gerhard Richter - Landscapes, Zwirner & Wirth. New York, NY (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Printed!, Kunstmuseum Luzern, Switzerland; Kunstmuseum, Bonn, Germany (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Survey, Centre for Contemporary Art, Ujazdowski Castle, Warsaw, Poland (solo)
Gerhard Richter, Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao, Spain (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Survey, National Art Museum, Hanoi, Vietnam; Creation Art Gallery, Beijing, China; Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art, Tehran, Iran (solo)
2003
Gerhard Richter, Atlas, Whitechapel Art Gallery, London, UK (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Survey, Daelim Contemporary Art Museum, Seoul, South Korea; Tokyo Wonder Site, Tokyo, Japan (solo)
Gerhard Richter. 40 Years of Painting, Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, D.C. (solo)
Richter 858, an Francisco Museum of Modern Art (SFMOMA), San Francisco, CA (solo)
2002
Gerhard Richter - Acht Grau, Deutsche Guggenheim, Berlin, Germany (solo)
Venice Biennale, Venice, Italy
Gerhard Richter. Übermalungen, Galerie Fred Jahn, Munich, Germany (solo)
Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY (solo)
Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL (solo)
Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, CA (solo)
Gerhard Richter: Forty Years of Painting, Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, D.C. (solo)
Gerhard Richter. 10th Anniversary 2002, Wako Works of Art, Tokyo, Japan (solo)
2001
Gerhard Richter, Arbeiten aus vier Jahrzehnten,Deutsche Bank Luxembourg S.A., Luxembourg (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Survey, National Art Gallery, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Paintings 1996 - 2001, Marian Goodman Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
2000
Gerhard Richter. Selected Prints 1966 - 1988, Bernd Lutze Gallery, Friedrichshafen, Germany (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Survey. Editions 1967- 2000, Kunstverein Bergisch Gladbach, Krypta 182, Bergisch Gladbach, Germany (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Janus,Galerie Lucas Schoormans, New York, NY (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Overpainted Photographs, Galerie Fred Jahn, Munich, Germany (solo)
1999
Gerhard Richter. Retrospective, Centro per l'Arte Contemporanea Luigi Pecci, Prato, Italy(solo)
Gerhard Richter. The Complete Editions, Anthony d'Offay Gallery, London, UK (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Zeichnungen und Aquarelle 1964-1999, Kunstmuseum, Winterthur, Switzerland (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Atlas, Museum of Contemporary Art, Barcelona, Spain (solo)
Gerhard Richter, 20.21 Gallery, Essen, Germany (solo)
1998
Gerhard Richter. Watercolors, Drawings and Photographs, David Nolan Gallery, New York, NY(solo)
Gerhard Richter. Landscapes, Sprengel Museum, Hanover, Germany (solo)
Gerhard Richter. New Paintings, Anthony d'Offay Gallery, London, UK (solo)
1997
Venice Biennale, Venice, Italy
Documenta 5-10, Kassel, Germany
Gerhard Richter, Wako Works of Art, Tokyo, Japan (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Multiples 1965-97, The Fruitmarket Gallery, Edinburgh, UK (solo)
1996
Gerhard Richter. 100 Pictures, Carré d'Art, Museé d' Art Contemporain de Nîmes, Nîmes, France (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Paintings, Museion Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Bolzano, Province of Bolzano, Italy (solo)
Wesenschau: Disingenuous Images, Galerie Renée Ziegler, Zurich, Switzerland
1995
Gerhard Richter. Editions 1965 - 1993, Haus am Waldsee, Berlin, Germany (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Sculpture, Anthony d'Offay Gallery, London, UK (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Selected Works 1963 - 1987, Luhring Augustine, New York, NY (solo)
1994
Gerhard Richter. Retrospective, Museo Nacional, Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid, Spain; Moderna Museet, Stockholm, Sweden (solo)
Gerhard Richter and Romanticism, Kunstverein Ruhr, Essen, Germany (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Prints and Multiples 1966 - 1993, David Zwirner Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1993
Gerhard Richter. Paintings and Works on Paper, Fred Jahn Gallery, Munich, Germany (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Works on Paper, Stadtmuseum, Quakenbrück, Germany (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Retrospective, Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, Paris, France (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Editions, Löhrl Gallery, Mönchengladbach, Germany (solo)
1992
Gerhard Richter. Works on Paper, Goethe Institute, London, UK (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Early Prints, Bernd Slutzky Gallery, Frankfurt am Main, Germany (solo)
Gerhard Richter. Watercolors, Photographs and Drawings, David Nolan Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1991
Gerhard Richter. Mirrors, Anthony d'Offay Gallery, London, UK (solo)
Gerhard Richter. October 18, 1977, Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston, MA (solo)
1972
48 Portraits, Venice Biennale, Venice, Italy
Documenta 5-10, Kassel, Germany
1963
Demonstration für den Kapitalistischen Realismus, Düsseldorf, Germany

Publications

2009
Storr, Robert. Cage. Six Paintings by Gerhard Richter. London: Tate Publishing, 2009
2008
Richter, Gerhard; Buchloh, Benjamin H.D. Gerhard Richter. Abstract Painting. Paris: Marian Goodman Gallery, 2008