Ian Hamilton Finlay  (British, 1925) 


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Ian Hamilton Finlay Biographie
1925   Born in Nassau, Bahamas. Moved to Glasgow, Scotland as a child
1950   Moved to Edinburgh
1961   Founded The Wild Hawthorn Press with Jessie McGuffie
1962   Founded the periodical ‘Poor. Old. Tired. Horse.’offset at the Wild Hawthorn Press.
1966   Moved to Stonypath in the Southern Uplands of Scotland, where he immediately set about creating the world-famous garden ‘Little Sparta’
1979 - 1984   Founded the Saint – Just Vigilantes and planned and took part in the First Battle of Little Sparta, February 4, 1983 (between Strathclyde Region and Little Sparta)
1985   Shortlisted for the Turner Prize, Tate Gallery, London
1987   Awarded Honorary Doctorate by the University of Aberdeen
1993   Awarded Honorary Doctorate from the Heriot-Watt University, Glasgow
1999   Awarded honorary professorship from the University of Dundee
2003   Awarded CBE in New Year’s Honors
2003   Awarded Scottish Horticultural Medal by the Royal Caledonian Horticultural Society
2003   Scottish Arts Council Creative Scotland Award
2006   Died, Lanark, Scotland
Expositions sélectionnées
2008   Neoclassicism – A Noble Arrow, Nolan Judin Berlin (solo)
2008   Conversations, Kettle’s Yard, Cambridge, UK
2007   Ian Hamilton Finlay & Cerith Wyn Evans, Ingleby Gallery, Edinburgh
2007   The Sonnet is a Sewing-Machine for the Monostich, Victoria Miro Gallery, London (solo)
2006   Tate Triennial, Tate Britain, London
2006   Certain Trees: The Constructed Book, Poem and Object 1964-2006, Centre des Livres D’Artistes, Saint-Yrieix-La-Perche
2006   Word Power: Concrete Poetry and it’s Influences, Peacock Visual Arts, Aberdeen & the Changing Room, Stirling
2006   How to Change the World: 60 Years of British Art, Arts Council Collection, Hayward Gallery, London
2005   Down the Garden Path: The Artist's Garden After Modernism, Queens Museum of Art, New York
2005   Edition, Ingleby Gallery, Edinburgh
2005   Nolan/Eckman Gallery, New York (solo)
2005   Sentences, Inverleith House, Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh (solo)
2005   L’Idylle des Cerises, Ingleby Gallery, Edinburgh (solo)
2005   Early Works from the Wild Hawthorne Press, 1964-1971, National Scottish Poetry Library, Edinburgh (solo)
2005   Of Conceits and Collaborators, National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh (solo)
2004   Nolan/Eckman Gallery, New York (solo)
2004   Works on Paper, 1968-2000, UBS Gallery, New York (solo)
2004   Vessels, The Arts Club of Chicago, Chicago (solo)
2004   Art and the Garden, Tate Britain, London
2004   Bang, Colgate University, Hamilton, New York
2003   Idylls and Interventions, Victoria Miro Gallery, London (solo)
2002   Maritime Works, Tate St. Ives, Cornwall, England; Nolan/Eckman Gallery, New York (solo)
2002   Ian Hamilton Finlay, Ingleby Gallery, Edinburgh (solo)
2001   Souvenirs & Postcards by Ian Hamilton Finlay, The Scottish National Gallery of Art, Edinburgh (solo)
2001   Ian Hamilton Finlay, Stampa, Basel (solo)
2000   Garden Works, Nolan/Eckman Gallery, New York (solo)
2000   Souvenirs, Städtische Galerie Grevenbroich im Haus Hartmann, Grevenbroich, Germany (solo)
2000   Ian Hamilton Finlay/Richard Tuttle, Stampa, Basel (solo)
2000   Nature Over Again After Poussin, McMaster Museum of Art, Hamilton (solo)
2000   Encounters, National Gallery, London
1999   Heads Will Roll, Victoria Miro Gallery, London
1999   Musee d’Art Contemporain de Montreal, Montreal
1999   La Biennale de Montreal, Centre International d’Art, Montreal
1999   Variation on Several Themes, Joan Miro Foundation, Barcelona (solo)
1998   Modern Antiquities, Landesmuseum, Mainz, Germany (solo)
1998   Les Capteurs de Rives, 1st Biennale de Montreal, commissaire; Claude Gosselin, Montreal
1997   Material Culture, Hayward Gallery, London
1997   Grenzgänger, Deutscher Sparkassen Verlag, Stuttgart
1997   The Pleasure of Reading, John Gibson Gallery, New York
1997   Wortwechsel, Künstlerwerkstatt Lothringer Str., Munich
1997   Prints, 1963-1997 (traveling exhibition), Museum am Ostwall, Dortmund (solo)
1997   Stadsgalerij, Heerlen, Netherlands (solo)
1997   Galerie Stadtpark, Krems, Austria (solo)
1997   Buro Sophia Ungers, Cologne (solo)
1997   Wild Hawthorne Press, Academie Beelende Kunsten, Maastricht (solo)
1996   Reef-Points, Nolan/Eckman Gallery, New York (solo)
1996   Grains of Salt, Oriel Mostyn, Llandudno, Wales (solo)
1996   Galerie Stampa, Zurich
1996   Schwere-Los-Skulpturen, Landesmuseum Linz
1996   Public Works, Peninsula & Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven
1995   Wege der Birke, Bern
1995   Where is Abel, Thy Brother? The Zacheta Gallery, Warsaw
1995   Lesen im Buch der Kunst, Library of Baden, Karlsruhe
1995   The Green Room, Sydney Gardens, Bath
1995   Paperworks, Stampa, Basel (solo)
1995   Works: Pure and Political, Deichtorhalle, Hamburg (solo)
1995   70th Birthday Show, Victoria Miro Gallery, London (solo)
1995   Houghton Library, Harvard University, Cambridge (solo)
1994   Streiflichter: Fragments from the French Revolution, Nolan/Eckman Gallery, New York (solo)
1994   3 Sailboats, Victoria Miro Gallery, London (solo)
1994   Icons and Proposals, Laumeire Sculpture Park and Museum, St. Louis (solo)
1994   Das Jahrhundert des Multiple, Deichtorhallen, Hamburg
1994   East of Eden, Museum Schloss Mosigkau, Dessau-Mosigkau, Germany
1994   Translokation, Haus der Architektur, Graz
1993   CAYC, Buenos Aires (solo)
1993   Tate Gallery, London (solo)
1993   Wildwachsende Blumen, Lenbachhaus, Munich (solo)
1993   The Sonnet is a Sewing Machine for the Monositch, Crawford Arts Centre, St. Andrews (solo)
1993   12/1794, Galerie Busche, Berlin (solo)
1993   Inscriptions, Massimo Minini Gallery, Brescia (solo)
1993   A Proposal for the Leasowes and Other Works, MBC Dudley, England (solo)
1993   Konfrontation, Museum Moderner Kunst, Vienna
1993   Die Sprache der Kunst, Kunsthalle Wien, Frankfurter Kunstverein, Frankfurt
1993   Skultur statt Denkmal, Galerie Fricke, Düsseldorf
1993   Words, Galerie Sfeir-Semler at the Galerie Jergen Becker, Hamburg
1992   Three British Book Artists', Mandeville Gallery, Univ. of California, San Diego
1992   Force Sight, Schloss Presteneck, Neuenstadt, Stein am Kocher, Germany
1992   Lux Eurpoae, Lux Europae Trust, Edinburgh
1992   Verzmelde Werken, Centrum Beeldende Kunst, Groningen, Netherlands
1992   Instruments of the Revolution and Other Works, Institute of Contemporary Art, London (solo)
1992   City Art Gallery, Leeds (solo)
1992   10 Maquettes for Neo-Classical Structures, Victoria Miro Gallery, London (solo)
1991   Ideologische Äusserungen, Kunstverein Frankfurt, Frankfurt (solo)
1991   Gallery Stadtpark, Krems, Austria (solo)
1991   Tate Gallery, Liverpool (solo)
1991   Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford (solo)
1991   Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia (solo)
1991   Gulfs and Wars, Kunstverein Friedrichshafen (solo)
1991   Malerisamling Lillehammer, Lillehammer (solo)
1991   Pastorales, Overbeck-Gesellschaft, Lübeck, Germany (solo)
1991   Definitions, Galerie Sfeir-Semler, Kiel, Germany (solo)
1991   The Poor Fisherman, Talbot Rice Gallery, Edinburgh (solo)
1991   Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford (solo)
1991   Ian Hamilton Finlay & The Wild Hawthorne Press, Fruitmarket Gallery, Edinburgh (solo)
1991   A Wartime Garden, Galleria Victoria Miro, Florence (solo)
1991   Rhetorical Image, The New Museum of Contemporary Art, New York Metropolis, Berlin
1991   Night Lines, Centraalmuseum, Utrecht
1991   Virtual Realities, Traveling Gallery Exhibition, Scotland
1990   Von der Natur in der Kunst, Messepalast, Vienna
1990   Allegorie, Galerie Sfeir-Demmle, Kiel
1990   Glasgow’s Great British Art Exhibition, Messepalast Halle E, Vienna
1990   Poesis, Graeme Murray Gallery, Edinburgh
1990   British Art Now: A Subjective View, Stagaya Art Museum, Fukuoka Art Museum, Fukuoka, Japan
1990   Kunsthalle Basel, Switzerland (solo)
1990   Galerie Schedle & Arpagas, Zurich (solo)
1990   ACTA & Galleria, Milano (solo)
1990   Stampa, Basel (solo)
1990   Christine Burgin, New York (solo)
1990   Galerie Jule Kewenig, Frechen, Bachem (solo)
1990   Idylls, Victoria Miro Gallery, London (solo)
1990   The Ocean and the Revolution, Burnett Miller Gallery, Los Angeles (solo)
1990   Ian Hamilton Finlay & the Wild Hawthorne Press 1958-1990, Firth Street Gallery, London (solo)
1990   Holzwege, Neuer Aachener Kunstverein, Aachen (solo)
1990   A Wartime Garden, Graeme Murray Gallery, Edinburgh (solo)
1989   1789-1794, Kunsthalle Hamburg (solo)
1989   Galerie Wernicke, Stuttgart (solo)
1989   Städtische Galerie am Markt, Schwäbisch-Hall (solo)
1989   Paperworks, Galerie Hubert Winter, Vienna (solo)
1989   Works, Butler Gallery, Kilkenny Castle (solo)
1989   Bicentenary Celebrations, Kellie Lodging Gallery, Pittenween (solo)
1989   Prospect 89, Schirn Kunsthalle, Frankfurt
1989   2000 Jahre-Die Gegenwart der Vergangenheit, Bonner Kunstverein, Bonn
1989   Hier Wird Getanzt, XPO Galerie, Hamburg
1989   British Sculpture 1960-1988, Museum van Hedendaagse Kunst, Antwerpt
1989   Bühnen-Stücke, Kunstverein, Munich
1989   Freiheit-Gleichheit-Brüderlichkeit, Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg; Stampa, Basel
1988   Musee d’Art Contemporain, Dunkerque, France (solo)
1988   An Exhibition on Two Themes, Galerie Jule Kewenig, Frechen/Bachem, Germany (solo)
1988   Michael Klein Gallery, New York (solo)
1988   Starlit Waters: British Sculpture 1968-88, Tate Gallery, Liverpool
1988   Saturne en Europe, Musee de la Ville de Strasbourg
1988   Triennale Milano
1988   Pyramiden, Galerie Jule Kewenig, Frechen/Bachem
1988   Art in the Garden, Garden Festival, Glasgow
1988   Camouflage, Curt Marcus Gallery, New York
1988   Brittannica: 30 Ans de Sculpture, Le Havre
1988   Skulpturen Republik, exhibition of the Vienna Festival, Vienna
1987   Documenta 8, Kassel
1987   The Unpainted Landscape, Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh
1987   Inter Artes et Naturam, Musee d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris (solo)
1987   Foundation Cartier pour l'Art Contemporain, Jouy-en-Josas (solo)
1987   Midway, Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris (solo)
1987   Pastorales, Galerie Claire Burrus, Paris (solo)
1987   Poursuites Revolutionnaires, Foundation Cartier pour l’Art, Jouy-en-Josas (solo)
1987   Homage to Ian Hamilton Finlay, Victoria Miro Gallery, London (solo)
1987   Monument to Feuerbach, Summer Exhibition, Antwerp
1987   Aphrodite of Terror, Edinburgh International Exhibition
1986   L’Art et le Sacre Aujourd’hui, Cistercian Abbey, L’Epau
1986   Between Object and Image, Madrid and Barcelona
1986   Ian Hamilton Finlay, Aberdeen Art Gallery, Aberdeen, Scotland (solo)
1986   Marat Assasine and Other Works, Victoria Miro Gallery, London (solo)
1985   Bluecoat Gallery, Liverpool (solo)
1985   Eric Fabre Galerie, Paris (solo)
1985   Little Sparta and Kriegsschatz, Espace Romeau-Chapelle Sainte-Marie, Nevers (solo)
1985   Promenades, Parc Lullin, Geneva
1985   British Council Exhibition, Sydney, Australia
1984   Merian Park, Basel
1984   Talismans and Signifiers, Graeme Murray Gallery, Edinburgh (solo)
1984   Liberty, Terror and Virtue, City Art Gallery, Southampton (solo)
1984   Print Gallery, Peter Brattinga, Amsterdam (solo)
1983   Hayward Gallery, London
1981   Unnatural Pebbles, Graeme Murray Gallery, Edinburgh (solo)
1980   Rijksmuseum Kroller-Muller, Otterlo (solo)
1980   Nature Over Again After Poussin, Collins Exhibition Hall, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow (solo)
1980   Graeme Murray Gallery, Edinburgh (solo)
1977   Graeme Murray Gallery, Edinburgh (solo)
1977   Serpentine Gallery, London (solo)
1977   Kettle’s Yard, Cambridge (solo)
1977   Exhibition of Contemporary Sculpture, Battersea Park, London
1976   Coracle Press, London (solo)
1976   Homage to Watteau, Graeme Murray Gallery, Edinburgh (solo)
1976   City Art Gallery, Southampton (solo)
1974   National Maritime Museum, London (solo)
1972   Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh (solo)
1971   Winchester College of Art (solo)
1970   Ceolfrith Bookshop Gallery, Sunderland (solo)
1969   Pittencreiff House, Dunfermline (solo)
1969   Demarco Gallery, Edinburgh (solo)
1968   Axiom Gallery, London (solo)
  1980 Kroller-Muller Sculpture Garden, Otterlo
  1979 British Embassy, Bonn
  1978 Bell’s Garden, Perth
  1976 University of Liege, Liege
  1975 Garden of the Max Planck Institut, Stuttgart
  1975 Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh
  Selected Permanent Installations
  2004 St. Mary Axe, City of London
  2004 Fleur de l’Air, garden in Provence, France
  2001 Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, The Dean Gallery, Edinburgh
  2000 Wallraff- Richartz Museum, Cologne
  2000 Schonthal Monestry, Switzerland
  2000 Patumbah Park, Switzerland
  2000 Hamilton, Scotland
  1999 Bundesarbeitsgericht, Erfurt, Germany
  1999 Private garden, Zurich, Lauffen, Basel, Switzerland
  1999 BUGA, Magdeberg, Germany
  1999 Barcelona, Spain
  1999 Park am Goetheturm im GruGurtel, Frankfurt, Germany
  1999 Montreal, Canada
  1999 Dienstgebaude fur den Generalbundesanwalt beim
  1999 Bundesgerichtshof, Karlsruhe, Germany
  1999 Ponte Vedra, Spain
  1999 Shell Research, Thorton Research Centre, England
  1998 Serpentine Gallery, London
  1998 The Ark, London
  1998 Den Haag, the Netherlands
  1997 Hunter Square, Edinburgh
  1997 Kunsthalle, Hambourg
  1996 Botanic Garden University of Durham
  1995 Landesgartenschau, Grevenbroich
  1994 The Gyle, Shopping Centre, Edinburgh
  1994 Schröder Münchmeyer Hengst & Co. Bank, Frankfurt/Main
  1994 Laumeier Sculpture Park, St. Louis
  1993 Beelden op de Berg, Belmonte Arboretum, Wageningen, Netherlands
  1992 Shenstone’s Leasowes, Dudley, England
  1992 Floiadepark, Zoetermeer, Netherlands
  1991 Stockwood Park Nurseries in the Borough of Luton, England
  1991 Library of Baden, Karlsruhe, Germany
  1991 Overbeck-Gesellschaft, Lubeck
  1990 Private Library of the German architect Ungers, Cologne
  1990 12th & K Office Tower, Sacramento, California
  1990 Railway Bridge, Glasgow, Scotland
  1989 Harris Museum and Art Gallery, Preston, England
  1989 Forest of Dean, England
  1988 Museum of Modern Art, Strasbourg
  1987 Skulptur Projekt, Munster
  1987 Campus of the University of California, San Diego
  1987 Furka Pass, Switzerland
  1987 West Princes Street Gardens, Edinburgh
  1986 Domaine de Kerguehennec, Brittany
  1986 Schweizergarten, Vienna
  1986 Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven
  1984 Celle, Garden of Giuliano Gori (Near Florence)
2007   Ian Hamilton Finlay: Remembrance, Professor Stephen Bann, Wild Hawthorn Press, Little Sparta, Victoria Miro Gallery
2004   Fleur de l’Air – A Garden in Provence, Ian Hamilton Finlay and Pia Simig, Wild Hawthorn Press
2004   Art of the Garden – The Garden in British Art 1800 to the Present Day, Tate Publishing
2003   Little Sparta – The Garden of Ian Hamilton Finlay, Jessie Sheeler, photographs by Andrew Lawson, Frances Lincoln Ltd
2002   Ian Hamilton Finlay – Maritime Works, Tate St.Ives, Cornwall
2000   Ian Hamilton Finlay, Concrete Poetry, Galeria Bielska BWA, Bielsko-Biala, Poland
1998   Ian Hamilton Finlay: A Proposal for the Grounds of the Serpentine Gallery, Little Sparta, Wild Hawthorn Press
1997   Ian Hamilton Finlay: Prints 1963 – 1997, PAHLKE, Rosemarie E., SIMIG, Pia, ed. Museum am Ostwall Dortmund, Statsgalerij Heerlen and Galerie Stadtpark Krems, Cantz Verlag
1995   Ian Hamilton Finlay: Works in Europe 1972-1995 Werke in Europa, , HUNT, John Dixon, GILONIS, Harry, -SIMIG, Pia, ed, Ostfildern, Cantz Verlag
1995   Wood Notes Wild - Essays on the Poetry and Art of Ian Hamilton Finlay, edited by Alec Finlay , Paragon, Edinburgh
1994   A Posse of Two: Lorine Niedecker and Ian Hamilton Finlay, Chapman
1993   Niedecker and the Correspondence with Zukofsky, 1931-1970. Penberthy, Jenny, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
1993   The Visible Language of Modernism, McGann, Jerome J., Black Riders Princeton, Princeton University Press
1992   Ian Hamilton Finlay: A Visual Primer. Yves Abrioux, introduction and commentaries, Stephen Bann. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
1992   POIESIS: Aspects of Contemporary Poetic Activity, Graeme Murray, Ed, The Fruit Market Gallery, Edinburgh
1991   EVENING WILL COME THEY WILL SEW THE BLUE SAIL, Ian Hamilton Finlay & the Wild Hawthorn Press 1958-1991, Edwin Morgan and Graeme Murray Ed, The Fruitmarket Gallery, Edinburgh
1991   Ian Hamilton Finlay: Poet of the Woodland, Krem, Galerie Stadtpark und Autoren
1991   Ezra Pound and the Monument of Culture: Text, History, and the Malatesta Cantos. Lawrence S., Chicago: University of Chicago Press
1991   Philosophical Fragments Schlegel, Friedrich, Trans. Peter Firchow. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press
1989   Nelson, Cary, Repression and Recovery: Modern American Poetry and the Politics of Cultural Memory 1910-1945. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press
1988   The Theory of Literature in German Romanticism. Lacoue-Labarthe, Philippe, and Nancy, Jean-Luc, Trans. Philip Barnard and Cheryl Lester. Albany: State University of New York Press
1987   Inter Artes et Naturam, Finlay, Ian Hamilton, Paris: ARC
1984   Letters, MacDiarmid, Hugh. Ed. Alan Bold. Athens: University of Georgia Press
1982   1789: The Emblems of Reason Starobinski, Jean,. Trans. Barbara Bray. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press
1981   Romanticism and the Forms of Ruin: Wordsworth, Coleridge, and Modalities of Fragmentation,Thomas Princeton: Princeton University Press
1980   Davenport, Guy, trans., Archilochus, Sappho, Alkman: Three Lyric Poets of the Seventh Century B.C., Berkeley: University of California Press
1971   The Pound Era, Kenner, Hugh. Berkeley: University of California Press
1967   Transformations in Late Eighteenth Century Art. Rosenblum, Robert, Princeton: Princeton, University Press
1963   Rapel, Finlay’s first selection of concrete poems

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