James Rosenquist (américain, né le 29 novembre 1933 à Grand Forks aux États-Unis) est le plus célèbre artiste ouvertement politique lié au mouvement Pop Art. Sa mère également peintre l’encourage à poursuivre son intérêt dans l’art. Rosenquist l’étudie à l’université du Minnesota sous l’égide de l’artiste Cameron Booth et passe ses étés à travailler en tant que maître d’œuvre, devenant ainsi compétent dans le secteur de la peinture commerciale. Il peint son panneau d’affichage en 1954 et reçoit un an plus tard une bourse pour étudier à la Art Students League de New York. À la fin de ses études, il commence une carrière de peintre de panneau d’affichage, excellant dans son domaine et posant les fondations des compositions à grande échelle qu’il réalise par la suite En 1960, il prend une pause d’une année pour se consacrer entièrement à sa carrière artistique et développe un style unique de peinture à grande échelle, de la taille d’un panneau d’affichage.

Son imaginaire fragmenté est issu de nombreuses sources commerciales, politiques et sociales avec des implications souvent politiques. Pendant la guerre du Vietnam, Rosenquist continue à peindre à grande échelle et devient plus ouvertement critique envers le complexe militaro-industriel américain, créant des œuvres controversées comme F-111 Bomber, qui fusionnent des images du rêve américain avec des idées plus sombres sur fond de guerre nucléaire, de missiles et de l’emblématique chasseur-bombardier américain. Des œuvres telles que F-111 critiquent le consumérisme américain en démontrant de quelle façon et dans quelle mesure les consommateurs sont informés. En utilisant l’échelle de la publicité, le travail de Rosenquist transcende les limites de la peinture à dimension traditionnelle pour donner une vision décousue et éloignée de la société.

Chronologie

1933
Born November 29 in Grand Forks, North Dakota. Parents Louis and Ruth Rosenquist of Swedish descent. Family settles in Minneapolis in 1942
1948
Won junior high school scholarship to study art at the Minneapolis School of Art
1952 – 1954
Attended the University of Minneapolis and studied with Cameron Booth. Visited The Art Institute of Chicago to study old masters and 19th century paintings. Painted storage bins, grain elevators, and gasoline tanks during the summer. Works for General Outdoor Advertising, Minneapolis and painted commercial billboards
1955
Received scholarship to the Art Students League, New York: studies with Morris Kantor, George Grosz and Edwin Dickinson
1957 – 1959
Became a member of the International Sign, Pictorial and Display Union, local 230. Employed by A.H. Villerpigue, Inc., General Outdoor Advertising, Brooklyn, and Artkraft Strauss Sign Corporation. Painted billboards in the Times Square area and other parts of New York
1960
Quit working for Artkraft Strauss Sign Corporation. rents a loft at 3- Coenties Slip; neighbours include painters Jack Youngerman, Ellsworth Kelly, and Robert Indiana
1961
Painted ’Zone’ (1961), first studio painting to employ commercial techniques
1963
Commissioned by Philip Johnson to paint mural for the New York World’s Fair, New York State Pavilion. exhibits in ‘Americans 1963’ at the Museum of Modern Art in the ’Six painters and the object’ at the Solomon R Guggenheim museum
1967
Moved to Long Island
1975
Lobbied in Washington, D.C. with Marion Javits and Robert Rauschenberg for a law to allow artists to get a 15% royalty after the art work has been resold
1976
Built a house and studio with Gilbert Flores, architect, in Aripeka, FL
1977
Purchased building on Chamber Street, NY. In Florida, painted a number of 15 feet paintings for Leo Castelli
1978
Appointed to six-year term as member of the National Council on the Arts, Washington, D.C.
1980
Painted ‘Star Thief’, 17’ x 46’
1986
F-111 is sold at Sotheby’s for $2.09 million for the estate of Robert C. Scull
1987
Nominated into the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters, New York
1988
Received Golden Plate Award from the American Academy of Achievement, Nashville, Tennessee. Exhibits ‘Through the Eye of the Needle to the Anvil’ (1988), 17’ x 46’, at Leo Castelli gallery, New York
1998
Completed ceiling mural for the Palais de Chaillot in Paris for the 50th anniversary signing of the Rights of Man by Eleanor Roosevelt
Lives and works in Aripeka, Florida, USA

Expositions

2013
Legacy: The Emily Fisher Landau Collection - Norton Museum of Art, West Palm Beach, FL
The Pop Object: The Still Life Tradition in Pop Art - Acquavella Galleries, Inc., New York City, NY
2012
James Rosenquist: F-111 - MoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NY
James Rosenquist - Greenfield Sacks Gallery, Santa Monica, CA
2010
The Hole In The Middle Of Time And The Hole In The Wallpaper - Acquavella Galleries, Inc., New York City, NY
2009
Jacobson Howard Gallery, New York, NY
Fisher Landau Center for Art, Long Island City, NY
Berkeley Art Museum and Pacific Film Archive, University of California, Berkeley, CA
Leo Castelli Gallery, New York, NY
Armand Bartos Fine Art, New York, NY
Gagosian Gallery, New York, NY
Acquavella Galleries, Art Basel 2009, Basel, Switzerland
2008
Pop and Op, Nassau County Museum of Art, Roslyn Harbor, NY
Modern Prints - Klassische Moderne bis Pop Art, Galerie Proarta, Zurich, Switzerland
J. Rosenquist, D. LaChapelle, S. Levine, P.Taaffe: REVERB, Jablonka Galerie, Berlin, Germany
James Rosenquist: The Hole in the Center of Time, Jablonka Galerie, Berlin, Germany
2007
When Art Worlds Colldie - The 60's, Woodward Gallery, New York, NY
James Rosenquist: Time Blades, Acquavella Galleries, New York, NY (solo)
James Rosenquist: The Speed of Light and Beyond, Silvermine Guild Arts Center, New Canaan, CT (solo)
2006
Works on Paper, Thomas McCormick Gallery, Chicago, IL
James Rosenquist, Miami Art Museum, Miami, FL (solo)
2005
James Rosenquist: Monochromes, Acquavella Contemporary Art, Inc., New York, NY (solo)
2004
James Rosenquist: Welcome to the Water Planet, Galerie ArtPoint der Ferratec AG, Rudolfstetten, Switzerland (solo)
A Retrospective The Menil Collection and the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, TX (Moving to the Soloman R. Guggenheim Museum, New York and Guggenheim, Bilbao)
James Rosenquist: Recent Paintings’at Robert McClain Gallery, Houston, TX
American Pop Icons at the Guggenheim Hermitage Museum at the Venetian, Las Vegas, NV
James Rosenquist Collages Opening exhibition at Jacobson Howard, New York, NY
2003
James Rosenquist: Selected Works on Paper, Leo Castelli, New York, NY (solo)
2001
James Rosenquist: The Stowaway Peers Out at the Speed of Light, Gagosian Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
2000
James Rosenquist: Paintings/James Rosenquist: Selects Dali at the Salvador Dali Museum, St. Petersburg, FL
1999
One Man exhibition entitled Meteors: New Paintings at Baldwin Gallery, Aspen, CO (solo)
The Swimmer in the Econo-mist was shown at the opening exhibition of the Massachusetts Guggenheim Museum of Contemporary Art
1998
The Summer in the Econo-mist is exhibited at the Deutsche Guggenheim Berlin, Germany
New Paintings, After Berlin shown at Feigen Contemporary, New York, NY
1997
Singapore shown at Galerie Thaddaeus Ropac in Paris, France
New works exhibited at Wetterling Teo Gallery in Singapore
James Rosenquist: Three Large Paintings, Galerie Thaddaeus Ropac, Paris, France (solo)
The Graphics of James Rosenquist, Center for Contemporary Graphic Art and Tyler Graphics (solo)
1996
Galerie Thaddaeus Ropac in Paris, France and Salzburg, Austria and a Feigen Incorporated in Chicago, IL (solo)
James Rosenquist: 4 E 77 St 1970 Revisited and New Paper Constructions from Gemini G.E.L., Leo Castelli Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1995
PYO Gallery in Seoul, South Korea and Civico Museo Revoltella in Trieste, Italy (solo)
1994
Commemorates 30 years with Leo Castelli Gallery with the exhibition ‘The Big paintings, Thirty Years’
Wetterling Teo Gallery, Singapore (solo)
1993
Recent painting exhibitions at Leo Castelli Gallery, New York and Galerie Thaddaeus Ropac in Salzburg, Austria
Gift Wrapped Doll paintings exhibited at Feigen Incorporated, Chicago, IL
The Complete Graphics: 1962—1992, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN
The Serenade for the Doll after Claude Debussy or Gift Wrapped Dolls, Akira Ikeda Gallery, Tokyo, Japan (solo)
1992
The Early Picture 1961-64 exhibited at Gagosian Gallery, New York, NY
1991
Retrospective exhibition at the Central Hall of Artists, Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow and at IVAM Centre Julio Gonzalez, Valencia, Spain
1988
Exhibits Through the Eye of the Needle to the Anvil (1988), 17’ x 46’, at Leo Castelli gallery, New York, NY
1984
James Rosenquist and Maurice Sanchez: Artist and Printer, A Decade of Collaboration 1972—82, Smith College Museum of Art, Northampton, MA
1983
House of Fire, Castelli-Feigen-Corcoran Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1983
Exhibits Four New Clear Women (1982), 17’ x 24’, for the Four Seasons Restaurant, New York, NY
Exhibits Star Thief at Centre for the Fine Arts, Miami, FL
1981
Exhibits Star Thief in one-man exhibition at Leo Castelli Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1979
James Rosenquist, Galerie Ileana Sonnabend, Paris, France (solo)
1977
Nine Large Drawings, Institute of Modern Art, Brisbane, Australia (solo)
1975
Rosenquist: Drawings, Leo Castelli Gallery, New York, NY (solo)

Collections publiques

Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL
The Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, MD
The Brooklyn Museum, Brooklyn, NY
The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH
The Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.
Dallas Museum of Art, Dallas, TX
Deutsche Guggenheim, Berlin, Germany
Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao, Spain
Hara Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo, Japan
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY
Musée d'Art Moderne et d'Art Contemporain, Nice, France
Musée National d'Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France
Museum für Moderne Kunst, Frankfurt, Germany
The Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, CA
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA
The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.
National Museum of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, CA
Tate Gallery, London, UK
Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY