Keith Haring (américain, né le 4 mai 1958 à Reading– mort le 16 février 1990 à New York), est un artiste graffeur et néo-pop, dont la carrière brève mais prolifique est centrée sur l’idée de réunir le grand art, l’esthétique urbaine et l’espace public dans un style drôle, irrévérencieux et poignant. Né en Pennsylvanie, Haring étudie à l’École d’art Ivy de Pittsburg pendant deux ans et envisage de devenir un artiste commercial. Il n’est pas satisfait par cette voie et se dirige alors vers l’École des Arts Visuels de New York City où il rencontre les artistes Jean Michel Basquiat et Kenny Scharf. Haring s’immerge dans la culture de la rue et des clubs et commence à couvrir à la craie les panneaux d’affichage vierges des murs des stations de métro avec ses Subway drawings.

L’art public et audacieux de Haring attire l’attention de galeries importantes et il peint au début des années 1980 des œuvres néo-pop et des fresques murales pour les enfants. Dans un effort de rendre son art accessible à tous, Haring ouvre sa Pop Shop en 1986 dans le quartier de Soho à New York et vend des objets commerciaux décorés de ses dessins. Haring mélange l’imagerie de la bande dessinée au graffiti, au hip-hop et à l’esthétique urbaine, représentant souvent des animaux, des visages, des icônes commerciales, des images sexuelles et des motifs enfantins rendant ses œuvres à la fois ludiques et inquiétantes. Son anxiété et sa colère se traduisent de plus en plus dans son travail après avoir été diagnostiqué porteur du virus du SIDA. Haring décide de travailler plus fort que jamais dans ses dernières années, produisant des œuvres à un rythme effréné e t consacrant son art à l’action sociale. En 1989, il crée la fondation Keith Haring, dans le but de promouvoir des programmes d’art, des espaces publics pour les enfants et de sensibiliser sur le SIDA. Il meurt en février 1990. En plus des centaines d’expositions organisées au cours de sa vie, de nombreuses rétrospectives ont eu lieu à New York, San Francisco, Paris, Tokyo et Berlin après sa mort.

Chronologie

1958
Born in Reading, PA
1976
Graduated Kutztown Area Senior High School, Kutztown, PA
1976 – 1978
Enrolled the Ivy School of Professional Art in Pittsburgh, PA
1978 – 1979
Studied at the School of Visual Arts, New York, NY
1986
Opened the Pop Shop in Soho, New York, NY
1988
Opened the Pop Shop in Tokyo, Japan
1989
Established the Keith Haring Foundation in New York, NY
1990
Died in New York, NY

Expositions

2013
Keith Haring - The Political Line - Musée d´Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris - MAM/ARC, Paris
Bronx Lab - Style Wars - Bronx Museum of the Arts (BxMA), New York City, NY
Keith Haring - Galerie Jérôme de Noirmont, Paris
Pop Art Accrochage, Fluegel-Roncak Gallery, Nuremberg, Germany
Liebe Ist Kälter Als Das Kapital - Kunsthaus Bregenz, Bregenz
Banners - Galerie Gmurzynska - Zürich, Zurich
Print - Woodward Gallery, New York City, NY
2012
Keith Haring: 1978-1982, The Brooklyn Museum, Brooklyn, New York (solo)
Keith Haring, Galeria de Art del Centro de Extension de la Pontifica Universidad Catholica de Chile, Santiago, Chile (solo)
Keith Haring Blueprints, Pace Prints Chelsea, New York, New York (solo)
Vitrine Rotation, New York Historical Society, New York, New York (solo)
Murale di Milwaukee, Sala dei Porti, nel percorso di visita degli Appartamenti settecenteschi di Palazzo Reale , Caserta, Italy (solo)
2011
Keith Haring 1978-1982, Contemporary Arts Center, Cincinnati, Ohio (solo)
The Hieroglyphics of Keith Haring, Musee en Herbe, Paris, France (solo)
Keith Haring, Gladstone Gallery, New York, New York (solo)
Keith Haring, Pace Prints, New York, New York( solo)
Keith Haring: Subway Drawings, Arcadia University, Glenside, Pennsylvania (solo)
2010
Keith Haring: A New Dimension, Grounds for Sculpture, Hamilton, New Jersey (solo)
Keith Haring, Kunsthalle Wien, Vienna, Austria (solo)
The Keith Haring Show, SOMA Museum of Arts, Seoul, Korea (solo)
Keith Haring: 20th Anniversary,Tony Shafrazi Gallery, New York, New York (solo)
KEITH HARING, Van de Weghe Fine Art, New York, New York (solo)
Keith Haring Editions on Paper, Caixa Cultural, Sao Paulo, Brazil (solo)
Keith Haring Editions on Paper, Caixa Cultural, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (solo)
Keith Haring: Pop Art Superstar, Lotte Art Center, Busan, South Korea (solo)
Keith Haring: Pop Art Superstar, Sangrok Museum Gwangju Museum of Art, Gwangju, South Korea (solo)
Institut d'Art Contemporain in Villeurbanne, Villeurbanne, France (solo)
2009
Keith Haring, Bentley Gallery, Scottsdale, AZ (solo)
Keith Haring, Vecchiato Gallery, Milan, Italy (solo)
Keith Haring, Vecchiato Gallery, Padua, Italy (solo)
The Keith Haring Show, Musee des Beaux-Arts, Mons, Belgium (solo)
Keith Haring, Kunsthalle Weishaupt, Ulm, Germany (solo)
2008
Keith Haring Retrospective, Museum of Contemporary Art, Lyon, France; Ludwigmuseum, Budapest, Hungary (solo)
Keith Haring - Drawings, Paintings and Sculptures, Skarstedt Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Keith Haring Houston Street & Bowery Mural recreation, Deitch Projects, New York, NY (solo)
The Ten Commandments, Deitch Projects, New York, NY
Against All Odds: Keith Haring in the Rubell Family Collection, Palm Springs Art Museum, Palm Springs, CA (solo)
Keith Haring, Two Sculptures, UNAIDS, Geneva, Switzerland (solo)
2007
Keith Haring: Editions on Paper, Egon Schiele Centrum, Cesky Krumlov, Czech Republic (solo)
Keith Haring: The Living Line, Ludwigmuseum, Koblenz, Germany (solo)
Keith Haring: Works from the Navarra Collection, Galerie de lIndependence and Parc Heintz Fondation, Dexia, Luxembourg (solo)
Complete Editions on Paper, Fundacion Caixa Galicia, Ferrol, Spain (solo)
Keith Haring: The Milwaukee Mural, Serrone della Villa Reale, Monza, Italy (solo)
Keith Haring - Untitled (Acrobats), 1986, Katonah Museum of Art, Katonah, NY (solo)
2006
Keith Haring: Journey of the Radiant Baby, Reading Public Museum, Reading, PA (solo)
Editions on Paper, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain (solo)
Keith Haring: Art and Commerce, Tampa Museum of Art, Tampa, FL (solo)
Keith Haring: POP Haring - Symbols and Icons Editions on paper from the Estate of Keith Haring, Singapore Tyler Print Institute, Singapore (solo)
Keith Haring: Paintings, Sculpture, Objects and Drawings, Tony Shafrazi Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Against All Odds, Rubell Family Collection, Miami, Florida (solo)
Complete Editions on Paper, Centro Cultural Montehermoso Depsito de Aguas, Vitoria, Spain (solo)
Keith Haring: Monumental Sculptures, Poppy & Pierre Salinger Foundation, Le Thor, France (solo)
Mass Production: Artists' Multiples and the Marketplace, Emily Davis Gallery of Myers School of Art, The University of Akron, Akron, OH
Keith Haring Drawings, Alona Kagan Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Keith Haring - Early Drawings, Baltic Centre for Contemporary Art, Gateshead, UK (solo)
Keith Haring, Galerie Jerome de Noirmont, Paris, France (solo)
Selected Editions on Paper, Memo Gallery, Budapest, Hungary (solo)
2005
Keith Haring, Alpen-Adria Galerie, Klagenfurt, Austria (solo)
Keith Haring, Ben Brown Fine Arts, London, UK (solo)
Keith Haring, Galleria Salvatore Ala, Milan, Italy (solo)
Keith Haring: Urban Memory, Fundacion ICO, Madrid, Spain (solo)
Five Keith Haring Sculptures, Somerset House, London, UK (solo)
Three Keith Haring Sculptures, Lever House, New York, NY (solo)
Keith Haring: Coloring Book Drawings, Briggs-Robinson Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
L'Art a la Plage #4: Keith Haring, Galerie Enrico Navarra in cooperation with Galerie Jerome de Noirmont, St Tropez, France (solo)
Keith Haring - Sculptures, Deitch Projects, New York, NY (solo)
The Keith Haring Show, The Trienniale of Milan, Italy (solo)
2004
Keith Haring, Centro Cultural Banco do Brasil, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (solo)
Keith Haring, Culturgest, Lisbon, Portugal (solo)
Keith Haring, Alte Rathaus, Prien am Chiemsee, Germany (solo)
The Characters of Keith Haring, Children's Museum of the Arts, New York, NY (solo)
Photos from the Archives: the Artist at Work, Pop Shop, New York, NY (solo)
Alona Kagan Gallery, New York, New York (solo)
Keith Haring: New Wave Aztec, The Sackler Center for Arts Education, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY (solo)
2003
Pop Figuration, Deitch Projects, New York, NY and Tony Shafrazi Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Four Sculptures, American Academy, Rome, Italy (solo)
Two Sculptures, Parco della Musica, Rome, Italy (solo)
Haring Drawings, Culturgest, Porto, Portugal (solo)
Haring Drawings, Kagan-Martos Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Keith Haring, Centro Cutural Banco do Brasil, Sao Paulo; CCBB, Brasilia, Brazil (solo)
Keith Haring: Short Message, Posters 1982-1990, Museum für Kunst und Gewerbe, Hamburg; Kunstmuseum Heidenheim; Kunsthaus Kaufbeuren, Germany (solo)
2002
Arario Gallery, Seoul, South Korea (solo)
Sex Show, Galerie Jérôme de Noirmont, Paris, France (solo)
Keith Haring: Heaven and Hell, Museum Boijmans van Beuningen, Rotterdam, Netherlands (solo)
Keith Haring: Tarps, Van de Weghe Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Keith Haring: Short Message. Posters 1982-1990, Versicherungskammer Bayern, Munich, Germany (solo)
2001
Keith Haring Sculptures, Rome, Italy (solo)
The 10 Commandments, Wapping Power Station, London, UK; Castello Ursino, Catania, Sicily, Italy (solo)
Haring: Heaven and Hell, Museum fur Neue Kunst/ZKM, Karlsruhe, Germany; National Gallery of the Cayman Islands, Georgetown, Grand Cayman (solo)
Paradise Garage, Deitch Projects, New York, NY (solo)
2000
Keith Haring: the SVA Years, School of Visual Arts, New York, NY (solo)
Keith Haring, Isetan Museum, Tokyo, Japan; Sapporo City Museum of Modern Art, Hokkaido, Japan (solo)
Keith Haring, Amos Anderson Museum, Helsinki, Finland (solo)
Keith Haring: Sculptures on the Kurfürstendamm, Berlin Ludwig Forum, Aachen, Germany; Chiostro del Bramante, Rome, Italy (solo)
Keith Haring Sculptures, Rome, Italy
1999
Keith Haring, Eki Museum, Kyoto; Kurashiki City Museum, Kurashiki; Iwaki City Museum, Iwaki; Isetan Museum, Tokyo, Japan (solo)
Keith Haring Sculptures, Pacific Design Center, Los Angeles, CA; Museum of Science and Industry, Chicago, IL (solo)
Keith Haring: A Retrospective, City Gallery, Wellington, New Zealand; Galerie Jerome de Noirmont, Paris, France (solo)
Keith Haring, Musee Maillol, Paris, France (solo)
Keith Haring, Katonah Art Museum, Katonah, NY(solo)
Keith Haring, Peter Gwyther Gallery, London, UK (solo)
Keith Haring, Casino Knokke, Knokke, Belgium (solo)
Keith Haring, Museum of Contemporary Art, Scottsdale, AR (solo)
Keith Haring, Deitch Projects, New York, NY (solo)
Keith Haring in Pisa, Palazzo Lanfranchi, Pisa, Italy (solo)
1998
Wetterling Gallery, Stockholm, Sweden (solo)
Wetterling Teo Gallery, Singapore (solo)
Keith Haring: A Retrospective, Museum of Contemporary Art, Miami, FL; San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, CA; Musee des Beaux-Arts, Montreal, Canada (solo)
Complete Editions on Paper, Museum Moderner Kunst, Passau, Germany; Quartier 206, Berlin, Germany; Dorothy Blau Gallery, Miami, FL (solo)
Keith Haring in San Francisco, Installation of 10 sculptures in San Francisco, sponsored by the San Francisco Art Commission, San Francisco, CA (solo)
Keith Haring in West Hollywood, Installation of 10 sculptures along the Santa Monica Boulevard median, West Hollywood, CA (solo)
Tasende Gallery, Los Angeles, CA
1997
Keith Haring: A Retrospective, The Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY; Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Canada (solo)
Keith Haring on Park Avenue, Installation of 13 sculptures on the Park Avenue Malls between 53rd and 74th Streets, sponsored by the Public Art Fund, New York, NY (solo)
Andre Emmerich Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Tony Shafrazi Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Seagram Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Keith Haring: Blurred Boundaries, Lobby Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1996
Andre Emmerich Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Complete Editions on Paper, Museum Bochum, Leipzig, Germany; Museum der Bildenden, Leipzig, Germany (solo)
The 10 Commandments, Bruderkirche and Museum Fridericianum, Kassel, Germany; Dorothy Blau, Miami, FL (solo)
Keith Haring: A Retrospective, Museum of Contemporary Art, Sydney, Australia (solo)
1995
Keith Haring Altarpiece, Palo Alto Cultural Center, Palo Alto, CA; Museum of Contemporary Religious Art, St. Louis, MO (solo)
Keith Haring: A Retrospective, Fundacion La Caixa, Madrid, Spain; Kunsthaus Wien, Vienna, Austria (solo)
Keith Haring: Works on Paper 1989, Andre Emmerich Gallery, New York, NY; Hans Mayer Gallery, Dusseldorf, Germany; Galerie Krinzinger, Vienna, Austria (solo)
Keith Haring: Family and Friends Collect, Allentown Art Museum, Allentown, PA (solo)
1994
Keith Haring, curated by Germano Celant, Castellodi Rivoli, Turin, Italy; Malmo Konsthall, Malmo, Sweden; Deichtorhallen, Hamburg, Germany; Tel Aviv Museum, Tel Aviv, Israe (solo)
Complete Editions on Paper, Hiroshima; Osaka; Nagoya; Tokyo and Fukuoka, Japan (solo)
Tony Shafrazi Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1993
Queens Museum, Queens, New York, NY (solo)
DIA Art Foundation, Bridgehampton, New York, NY (solo)
Complete Editions on Paper, Galerie Littmann, Basel, Switzerland; Galerie der Stadt, Stuttgart, Germany; Aktionsforum, Munich, Germany (solo)
Keith Haring: A Retrospective, Mitsukoshi Museum of Art, Tokyo, Japan (solo)
Galerie Nikolaus Sonne, Berlin, Germany (solo)
Musee de Louvain-la-Neuve, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium (solo)
Michael Fuchs Gallery, Berlin, Germany (solo)
1992
Gallery 56, Budapest, Hungary (solo)
Tabula Gallery, Tubingen, Germany (solo)
Tony Shafrazi Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1991
Hete Hunermann Gallery, Dusseldorf, Germany (solo)
Keith Haring: Future Primeval, University Galleries, Normal, IL; Tampa Museum of Art, Tampa, FL; Museum of Modern Art, Ostend, Belgium (solo)
Haring, Disney, Warhol, Phoenix Art Museum, Phoenix, AZ; Tacoma Art Museum, Tacoma, Washington; The Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C; Worcester Art Museum, Worcester, MA
Dante Park, Lincoln Center, New York, NY(solo)
Chase Manhattan Bank, Soho Branch, New York, NY(solo)
Erika Meyerovich Gallery, San Francisco, CA (solo)
Molinar Gallery, Scottsdale, AZ (solo)
Steffanoni Gallery, Milan, Italy (solo)
1990
Galerie La Poche, Paris, France (solo)
Charles Lucien Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Philip Samuels Fine Art, St. Louis, MO (solo)
Tony Shafrazi Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Keith Haring: Future Primeval, Queens Museum, Queens, New York, NY (solo)
Galerie Nikolaus Sonne, Berlin, Germany (solo)
Richard Nadeau Gallery, Philadelphia, PA (solo)
Gallery 56, Geneva, Switzerland (solo)
Tony Shafrazi Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1989
Gallery 121, Antwerp (solo)
Casa Sin Nombre, Santa Fe, New Mexico(solo)
Fay Gold Gallery, Atlanta, GE (solo)
Galerie Hete Hunermann, Dusseldorf, Germany (solo)
1988
Michael Kohn Gallery, Los Angeles, CA (solo)
Hans Mayer Gallery, Dusseldorf, Germany (solo)
Tony Shafrazi Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Hokin Gallery, Bay Harbor Islands, FL (solo)
1987
Tony Shafrazi Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Galerie Kaj Forsblom, Helsinki, Finland (solo)
Gallery 121, Antwerp, Belgium (solo)
Casino Knokke, Knokke, Belgium (solo)
Kutztown New Arts Program, Kutztown, PA (solo)
Galerie Rivolta, Lausanne, Switzerland (solo)
1986
Art in the Park, Whitney Museum of American Art, Stamford, CT (solo)
Dag Hammarskjold Plaza Sculpture Garden, New York, NY (solo)
Galerie Daniel Templon, Paris, France (solo)
Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, Netherlands (solo)
1985
Schellmann & Kluser, Munich, West Germany (solo)
Tony Shafrazi Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Leo Castelli Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Museum of Contemporary Art, Bordeaux, France (solo)
1984
University Museum of Iowa City, Iowa City, IA (solo)
Paul Maenz Gallery, Cologne, West Germany (solo)
Paradise Garage, New York, NY (solo)
Galerie Corinne Hummel, Basel, Switzerland (solo)
Semaphore East, New York, NY (solo)
"Keith Haring: Milan 1984" with LA II, Salvatore Ala Gallery, Milan, Italy
1983
Fun Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Galerie Watari, Tokyo, Japan (solo)
Lucio Amelio Gallery, Naples, Italy (solo)
Robert Fraser Gallery, London, UK (solo)
Tony Shafrazi Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Matrix 75, Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, CT (solo)
1982
Rotterdam Arts Council, Rotterdam, Netherlands (solo)
Tony Shafrazi Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1981
Hal Bromm Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1980
Westbeth Painters Space, New York, NY (solo)
P.S. 122, New York, NY (solo)
Club 57, New York, NY (solo)
1978
Pittsburgh Center for the Arts, Pittsburgh, PA (solo)

Collections publiques

Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France
Ludwig Museum, Cologne, Germany
Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL
Broad Family Foundation, Los Angeles, CA
Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh, PA
Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, CA
Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, CA
Rubell Family Collection, Miami, FL
The Andy Warhol Museum, Pittsburgh, PA
The Denver Art Museum, CO
The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
The Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY

Publications

2009
Kolossa, Alexandra. Keith Haring. Cologne, Germany: Taschen, 2009
Keith Haring. Ulm, Germany: Kunsthalle Weishaupt, 2009 (catalogue)
2008
Deitch, Jeffrey and Julia Gruen. Keith Haring. Edited by Suzanne Geiss. New York: Rizzoli International Publications, 2008
Coetzee, Mark. Against All Odds: Keith Haring in the Rubell Family Collection. Miami, FL: Palm Springs Art Museum, California & the Rubell Family Collection, 2008 (catalogue)
Sussman, Elisabeth. Keith Haring. New York: Skarstedt Gallery, 2008 (catalogue)
2007
Keith Haring. Luxembourg: Dexia banque Internationale, 2007 (catalogue)
Keith Haring Graphics. Cesky Krumlov, Czech Republic: Egon Schiele Centrum, 2007 (catalogue)
2006
Roth, Ron. Keith Haring: Journey of the Radiant Baby. Piermont, NH: Bunker Hill Publishing, 2006
2005
Mercurio, Gianni et Julia Gruen. The Keith Haring Show. Milan, Italy: Skira, 2005
Keith Haring, l’art à la plage. Paris: Galerie Enrico Navarro, 2005 (catalogue)
Keith Haring: Memoria Urbana. Madrid, Spain: Fundacion ICO, Madrid, 2005 (catalogue)
Galasso, Alessandra. Keith Haring a Milano. Milan, Italy: Johan & Levi, 2005
Shapiro, David. Keith Haring Coloring Book Drawings. New York: Briggs Robinson Gallery, 2005 (catalogue)
2003
Decter, Joshua. Keith Haring. Sao Paulo, Brazil: Centro Cultural de Banco do Brasil, 2003 (catalogue)
2002
Keith Haring: Short Messages. Posters 1982-1990. Munich, Germany: Prestel Verlag, 2002 (catalogue)
2001
Keith Haring, heaven and Hell. Karlsruhe, Germany: Museum für Neue Kunst, 2001(catalogue)
2000
Keith Haring. Helsinki, Finland: Amos Anderson Museum, 2000 (catalogue)
Keith Haring: The SVA Years 1978-1980. New York: School of Visual Arts, 2000 (catalogue)
1999
Keith Haring, 12 sculptures. Paris: Galerie Jérôme de Noirmont, 1999 (catalogue)
Keith Haring, made in France. Paris: Musée Maillol, 1999 (catalogue)
Keith Haring. Tokyo, Japan: Art Life Ltd, 1999 (catalogue)
Keith Haring. London, UK: Peter Gwyther Gallery, 1999 (catalogue)
Souvenir of Keith Haring. Belgium: Casino Knokke, 1999 (catalogue)
1997
Elisabeth Sussman. Keith Haring. Boston and New York: Bullfinch Press/Whitney Museum of American Art, 1997
Galloway, David. Keith Haring on Park Avenue (Exh. Cata.). New York: André Enmerich Gallery, 1997
Keith Haring Journals. New York: Paperback Edition, Penguin, 1997
1996
Celant, Germano. Keith Haring. Milan-New York: Charta, 1996 (catalogue)
1993
Keith Haring: A Retrospective. Japan: Mitsokushi Museum of Art, 1993
1991
Gruen, John. Keith Haring: The Authorized Biography. New York: Prentice Hall, 1991
1990
Blinderman, Barry. Keith Haring: Future Primeval. Normal, IL, and New York: Abbeville Press, 1990