Late 4th-Early 3rd Century B.C.
These vases were either made to commemorate either the Assinarian festival, instituted in 412 B.C. in celebration of the Syracusan victory over the Athenian fleet the previous year or the Syracusan victory over Leontini in 422 B.C. What makes these vases so unique is the center tondo which renders the reverse of a dekadrachm of Syracuse created by the artist, Euainetos. This reverse shows Arethusa surrounded by four dolphins. According to myth, Artemis helped Arthusa to elude the importunities of the Peloponnesian river-god Alphesus by turning her into a spring, which plunged into the earth onto the island of Ortygia, at the harbour of Syracuse, where its fresh water flows into the salt water of the sea. The dekadrachm is surrounded by palmette patterns as well as geometric design patterns which cover the entire inside of the kylix. Other than a minor chip to edge of kylix, this piece is in perfect condition with no restoration. A must for any coin/vase collector.