Naum Gabo  (British/Russian, 1890-1977) 


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Naum Gabo, Column


Naum Gabo

Annely Juda Fine Art
Naum Gabo, Torsion, Variation


Naum Gabo
Torsion, Variation
circa 1974-1975

Annely Juda Fine Art
Naum Gabo, Construction: Stone with a Collar


Naum Gabo
Construction: Stone with a Collar

Annely Juda Fine Art
Naum Gabo, Opus 5


Naum Gabo
Opus 5

Pangolin London
Naum Gabo, Opus XX, Green


Naum Gabo
Opus XX, Green

Nikola Rukaj Gallery
Naum Gabo, Untitled


Naum Gabo
CDS Gallery
Naum Gabo, Study for a Carving (D88)


Naum Gabo
Study for a Carving (D88)
circa 1931

Annely Juda Fine Art
1890   Born 5 August in Briansk, Russia. Named Naum Neemia Pevsner. He had four brothers, including Alexei and Antoine, and two sisters.
1910   Graduated from Gymnasium at Kursk. Enrolled in medical faculty at University of Munich.
1911   Transferred to study of natural sciences.
1912   Studied engineering at Technische Hochschule, Munich. During these years attended Professor Wölfflin’s lectures on the History of Art. First visit to Paris.
1913   Walking tour through Italy from Munich to Florence and Venice.
1910 - 1914   In Munich.
1913 - 1914   Visited brother Antoine who was painting in Paris.
1914   At outbreak of war went to Copenhagen, Bergen, and then Oslo with younger brother Alexei
1915   Made first constructions using the name Gabo. December: joined by elder brother Antoine.
1917   April: returned to Russia.
1918 - 1920   Worked on constructions and taught unofficially at State Free Art Studios. Project for a radio station at Serpukhov.
1920   First public exhibition in the open air on Tverskoi Boulevard, Moscow. Wrote Realistic Manifesto, published in Moscow, which was also signed by brother Antoine. First construction with motor.
1922   Left Moscow for Berlin. Helped to install and exhibited in the Erste Russische Kunstausstellung, organised by the Soviet Government at the Galerie van Diemen, Berlin. ‘Project for a Monument for an Observatory’.
1924   Exhibited at the Galerie Percier, Paris: Constructivistes Russes: Gabo et Pevsner and was included in Societé Anonyme, Russian exhibition in New York.
1924 - 1925   ‘Project for a Monument for an Airport’.
1925   Project for a Monument for an Institute of Physics and Mathematics.
1926   Exhibited in America at the Little Review Gallery, New York, with van Doesburg and Pevsner. Began work on La Chatte.
1927   April 30, first performance of La Chatte at the Casino Theatre in Monte Carlo with sets, costumes and properties designed and executed by Gabo with assistance from Pevsner (the production also travelled to Paris, London and Berlin).
1928   Lectured at Bauhaus. Published article ‘Gestaltung?’ in the periodical Bauhaus (vol. 2 no. 4).
1929   Project for a Fête Lumière for the Brandenburg Gate, Berlin.
1930   First one-man exhibition of constructions at the Kestner-Gesellschaft, Hanover.
1931   Project for the Palace of the Soviets Competition.
1922 - 1932   Lived and worked in Berlin.
1932   Left Germany for Paris. ‘Project for a Monument for an Airport’.
1932 - 1935   Member of the group Abstraction-Création.
1935   First visit to England.
Exhibited in Hartford, Connecticut with Pevsner, Domela and Mondrian.
1936   Exhibited with fifteen artists in Abstract and Concrete at the Lefèvre Gallery, London. Exhibited with Pevsner at the Chicago Arts Club. Seven works included in Cubism and Abstract Art at the Museum of Modern Art, New York. Settled in London. Married Miriam Israels in London.
1937   Edited with J. L. Martin and Ben Nicholson Circle: International Survey of Constructive Art. Two works included in large Constructivist exhibition at the Kunsthalle Basel, and two in Constructivist exhibition at the London Gallery, London. Participated in exhibition in Jeu de Paume, Paris.
1938   One-man exhibition at the London Gallery, London. Visited the United States: exhibited at the Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, at the Julien Levy Gallery, New York and at Vassar College, Poughkeepsie.
1939   At outbreak of war moved to Carbis Bay, Cornwall. Exhibited one work in the San Francisco Golden Gate exhibition, another in Toledo, Ohio, two in Guggenheim Jeune, London, one in Museum of Modern Art, New York, more than one in Galerie Charpentier, Paris.
1941   Birth of daughter Nina Serafima.
1942   Exhibited in New Movements in Art: Contemporary Work in England, London Museum, London and Leicester Museum and Art Gallery.
1942   The Exhibition of the Collection of the Societé Anonyme - Museum of Modern Art, Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven.
1943 - 1944   Worked with Design Research Unit, London. Produced an advanced design for a car for Jowett which did not go into production.
1946   Left England for the United States.
1948   Exhibited with Pevsner at the Museum of Modern Art, New York. Lectured at Museum of Modern Art and at Yale and Chicago Institute of Design.
1949   Commissioned to design sculptures for lobbies of the Esso Building, Rockefeller Center, New York (project never realised). Participated in Les Premières maîtres de l’art abstrait organised by Michael Seuphor at Galerie Maeght, Paris.
1950   Commissioned to make construction for the Sadie A. May wing of the Baltimore Museum of Art. Exhibited and lectured at Baltimore Museum of Art.
1951   Baltimore construction completed and installed. Exhibition at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
1952   Became a citizen of the United States of America. Exhibition, with Josef Albers, at the Chicago Arts Club.
1953   One-man exhibition at the Pierre Matisse Gallery, New York. Exhibition, with Alexander Calder, at the Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford. Awarded second prize in the Unknown Political Prisoner, international sculpture competition.
1953 - 1954   Professor at Harvard University Graduate School of Architecture.
1954   Awarded Guggenheim Fellowship. Awarded Mr and Mrs Frank G. Logan Medal of the Art Institute of Chicago.
1954 - 1955   Commissioned to make sculpture for the Bijenkorf Building in Rotterdam.
1956   Commissioned to make bas-relief for the US Rubber Company, Rockefeller Center, New York. Completed in November.
1957   Bijenkorf construction, 85 feet high, completed and installed. Publication of Gabo book by Lund Humphries.
1958   One-man exhibition, Boymans Museum, Rotterdam and Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam.
1959   Delivered A. W. Mellon Lectures, Washington D.C. Brother Alexei re- discovered Gabo through an exhibition catalogue.
1960   Prize from the Brandeis University.
1961   Participated in exhibitions of kinetic art held at the Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, and at the Moderna Museet, Stockholm.
1962   Visited brothers Mark, Jeremy and Alexei, and sister Anna, in Moscow and Leningrad. Antoine Pevsner died.
1964   Publication of Alexei Pevsner’s book A Biographical Sketch of my Brothers Naum Gabo and Antoine Pevsner.
1965   Elected member of the National Institute of Art and Letters.
1965 - 1966   Retrospective exhibition at the Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam; Kunsthalle Mannheim; Wilhelm-Lehmbruck-Museum, Duisburg; Kunsthaus Zürich; Moderna Museet, Stockholm; Tate Gallery, London.
1966   Elected to Royal Academy of Arts, Sweden.
1967   Awarded Honorary Doctorate at Royal College of Art, London. Awarded Großer Kunstpreis des Landes Nordrhein-Westfalen.
1968   Retrospective exhibition at Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, New York. Alexei Pevsner visited Gabo in America.
1969   Elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
1970   Commissioned to make Torsion fountain, installed at St. Thomas’s Hospital, London in 1975.
1971   Made an Honorary K.B.E.
1970 - 1972   Travelling Exhibition: Louisiana Museet, Humlebaek, Denmark; Sonia Henies Museum, Høvikodden, Norway; Nasjonalgalleriet, Oslo; Nationalgalerie, Berlin; Kunstverein Hannover; Musée de Peinture et Sculpture, Grenoble; Musée National d’Art Moderne, Paris; Gulbenkian Foundation, Lisbon.
Alexei Pevsner visited Gabo in London.
1973   Commissioned to make sculpture for the Nationalgalerie, Berlin.
1975   Elected to 50-member American Academy of Arts and Letters.
1976   November 16: opening of St. Thomas’s Hospital, London and inauguration of Torsion fountain by Queen Elizabeth II.
1976 - 1977   November - January: One-man exhibition at the Tate Gallery, London.
1977   August 23, died in Waterbury (Connecticut) Hospital after a long illness.
1985 - 1987   Major retrospective Naum Gabo. Sixty Years of Constructivism shown at Dallas Museum of Art; Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto; The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York; Akademie der Künste, Berlin; Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen, Düsseldorf; The Tate Gallery, London.
1987 - 1988   Exhibition of monoprints shown at the Talbot Rice Gallery, University of Edinburgh and Kettle’s Yard, University of Cambridge. In 1989 tours to the University of Massachusetts at Amherst and the Baltimore Museum of Art.
1990   Centenary exhibition inaugurates new gallery space of Annely Juda Fine Art.
1999   Naum Gabo, Annely Juda Fine Art, London. Naum Gabo: Pioneer of Abstract Sculpture at Pace Wildenstein Gallery, New York
2001   Naum Gabo, Georges Vantongerloo, Friedrich Vordemberge-Gildewart -Works On Paper, Annely Juda Fine Art, London
2009   La Escultura en la Colección del IVAM - IVAM - Institut Valencià d'Art Modern, Valencia
2006   Naum Gabo - Woodcut Monoprints - Alan Cristea Gallery, London (England) (solo)
2004   Naum Gabo and Colour - Annely Juda Fine Art, London (England) (solo)
1999   Naum Gabo: Pioneer of Abstract Sculpture - PaceWildenstein - 32 East 57th Street, New York City, NY (solo)
1999   Naum Gabo - Annely Juda Fine Art, London (England) (solo)
1995   Gabo's Stones: Naum Gabo - Henry Moore Institute, Leeds (England) (solo)
1977   Naum Gabo 1890-1977 - MoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NY (solo)
  Public Collections
Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Humlebæk, Denmark
Berlinische Galerie, Berlin, Germany
Städel Museum, Frankfurt/Main, Germany
Städtische Kunsthalle Mannheim, Mannheim, Germany
Kawamura Memorial Museum of Art, Chiba, Japan
Leeum - Samsung Museum of Art, Seoul, Korea
Birmingham Museums & Art Gallery, Birmingham (England), UK
Kettle's Yard, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire (England), UK
Leeds City Art Gallery, Leeds (England), UK
Tate Britain, London (England), UK
Tate Modern, London (England), UK
Tate St. Ives, St. Ives, Cornwall (England), UK
Addison Gallery of American Art, Andover, MA, USA
Los Angeles County Museum of Art - LACMA, Los Angeles, CA, USA
Chazen Museum of Art, Madison, WI, USA
MoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NY, USA
   Naum Gabo et al., Gabo: Constructions, Sculpture, Paintings, Drawings, Engravings, Lund Humphries, London and Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts 1957
   Alexei Pevsner, A Biographical Sketch of my Brothers Naum Gabo and Antoine Pevsner, Augustin and Schoonman, Amsterdam 1964
   Jörn Merkert and Steven Nash (eds), Naum Gabo. Sixty Years of Constructivism, Prestel Verlag, Munich 1985 (includes C. Sanderson and C. Lodder, ‘Catalogue Raisonné of the Constructions and Sculptures’)
   Graham Williams (ed.), Naum Gabo Monoprints, The Florin Press, Kent 1987
   Jörn Merkert (ed.), Naum Gabo: Ein Russischer Konstruktivist in Berlin 1922-32, Berlinische Galerie, Berlin 1989
   Naum Gabo 1890-1977: Centenary Exhibition, Annely Juda Fine Art, London 1990
   Naum Gabo, Annely Juda Fine Art, London 1999
   Martin Hammer and Christina Lodder, Gabo on Gabo: Texts and Interviews, Artist Bookworks, Sussex 2000
   Martin Hammer and Christina Lodder, Constructing Modernity. The Art and Career of Naum Gabo, Yale University Press, New Haven and London 2000

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