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Ben Nicholson    (British, 1894-1982)

 Ben Nicholson - 1923 (Vineyard in Winter) (Paintings) h: 56.5 x w: 62 cm / h: 22.2 x w: 24.4 in
Ben Nicholson
1923 (Vineyard in Winter) 1923
 
 Ben Nicholson - 1955, August (Cantabria) (Paintings) h: 85 x w: 77.5 cm / h: 33.5 x w: 30.5 in
Ben Nicholson
1955, August (Cantabria) 1955
 
 Ben Nicholson - 1971 (Obidos, Portugal 1) (Paintings) h: 78.7 x w: 103.5 cm / h: 31 x w: 40.7 in
Ben Nicholson
1971 (Obidos, Portugal 1) 1971
 

Biographie
1894 Born in Denham, Buckinghamshire (son of artist Sir William Nicholson)
1903 - 1910 Educated at Heddon Court and at Gresham Court
1910 - 1911 Studied at the Slade School of Fine Art
1912 - 1914 Travelled in France, Italy and Spain
1917 - 1918 Lived in Pasadena, California
1933 Co-founded Unit One, with Henry Moore, Barbara Hepworth, Edward Burra, Paul Nash and Edward Wadsworth, among others
1924 - 1935 Member of the 7 & 5 Society
1937 Together with Naum Gabo and Leslie Martin, edited Circle: International Survey of Constructivist Art
1943 - 1949 Joins St Ives Society of Artists and exhibits with them
1949 Founding member of Penwith Society of Arts in Cornwall
1951 Nicholson was commissioned to paint a mural for the Festival of Britain
1952 Commissioned to paint a mural for the Time-Life Building in London
1952 Awarded first prize for painting at the 39th International Exhibition (Carnegie International)
1954 Ulisse Award
1956 Won the first Guggenheim International Painting prize
1957 Won the prize for painting at the Sao Paolo Bienal
1964 Made a concrete wall relief for the Documenta III exhibition in Kassel, Germany
1968 Awarded the Order of Merit by Queen Elizabeth
1958 - 1971 Lived and worked in Switzerland
1971 Returned to England
1974 Rembrandt Prize
1982 Died in London, England

Expositions
1993 Tate Modern, London (retrospective)
1978 Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo (retrospective)
1969 Tate Modern, London (retrospective)
1964 Museum of Fine Arts, Dallas (retrospective)
1961 Kunsthalle, Berne (retrospective)
1955 Tate Gallery, London (retrospective)
1954 Venice Biennale and Tate Modern, London (retrospective)
1952 Detroit Institute of Arts and the Walker Arts Centre, Minneapolis (retrospective)
1944 Leeds Art Gallery (retrospective)
1936 Cubism and Abstract Art, Museum of Modern Art, New York
1935 ‘Artists against Fascism’, London
1935 ‘Exposition internationale d’art moderne,’ Brussels
1932 Lefevre Gallery, London
1932 Arthur Tooth and Sons, London
1931 Bloomsbury gallery, London
1928 Lefevre Gallery, London
1927 Beaux Arts Gallery, London
1924 Twenty-one Gallery, London (solo)
1923 Joint exhibition with Winifred Nicholson at Patterson’s gallery, London
1922 Adelphi Gallery, London (solo)
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