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A.R. Penck    (German, 1939)

 A.R. Penck - Dreigeteiltes Problem (Tripartite Problem) (Paintings) h: 63 x w: 78.8 in / h: 160 x w: 200.2 cm
A.R. Penck
Dreigeteiltes Problem (Tripartite Problem) 2011
 A.R. Penck - Eliminator (Sculptures) h: 20.5 x w: 69 x d: 61 in / h: 52.1 x w: 175.3 x d: 154.9 cm
A.R. Penck
 A.R. Penck - Jutta telefoniert (Paintings) h: 59 x w: 59 in / h: 149.9 x w: 149.9 cm
A.R. Penck
Jutta telefoniert 1977
 A.R. Penck - Mitrop / HBhf (Works on Paper (Drawings, Watercolors etc.)) h: 16.5 x w: 23.2 in / h: 41.9 x w: 58.9 cm
A.R. Penck
Mitrop / HBhf 1978-1979
 A.R. Penck - Navigator – Intergalactic (Sculptures) h: 35.5 x w: 35.5 x d: 15.8 in / h: 90.2 x w: 90.2 x d: 40.1 cm
A.R. Penck
Navigator – Intergalactic 1995
 A.R. Penck - Reactor (Sculptures) h: 35.5 x w: 126 x d: 157.5 in / h: 90.2 x w: 320 x d: 400 cm
A.R. Penck
Reactor 1990
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1939 Born as Ralf Winkler Dresden, East Germany
1945 Experiences the bombing of Dresden on 13th and 14th of February
1953 - 1954 Painting and Drawing course with Jürgen Böttcher
1955 Begins an apprenticeship as a draftsman at VEB DEWAG (Volkseigener Betrieb Deutsche Werbeagentur, Nationally owned enterprise German advertising agency)
1956 Repeatedly unsuccessful applications to art academies in Dresden and East Berlin. As an autodidactic artist he begins to work on painting, sculpture, film, writing and music
1957 - 1959 Starts making figurative sculptures and head studies out of plaster. Meets Georg Kern (Baselitz)
1961 First System-Bilder and further portraits and autoportraits
1964 Own studio in Lange Strasse, Dresden
1964 Concentrates on working with cybernetics, other scientific areas and System-Bilder.
Produces his first Standart-Arbeiten and sculptures out of various materials
1965 Takes part in an exhibition at the Puschkin-Haus in Dresden. Meets Michael Werner.
1966 Accepted as candidate for the Verband Bildender Künstler Deutschlands (VKBD).
Rejection by the jury after the three-year deadline for candidates.
1968 Adopts the pseudonym A.R. Penck. Michael Werner displays his first exhibition at the Galerie Hake Cologne.
1969 Exhibition at Galerie Michael Werner, Cologne
1967 - 1970 Begins working on signalling, sketching and symbols.
1970 - 1971 Various publications in which the term Standart is described
1972 Finishing of Standart-Arbeiten. Participation in documenta 5 in Kassel
1973 - 1974 Spends six months working as a reserve for the People’sthe Mike Hammer series which then leads to the development of the TM series
1975 First major retrospective at the Bern Kunsthalle.
1977 First wooden sculpture. Participation in documenta 6 in Kassel.
1977 First meeting with Jörg Immendorff in East Berlin
1979 Releases the first recording of >Gostritzer 92<.
1980 Left East Germany
1980 On 3rd August travels to Lörsfeld/Kerpen (near Cologne) in the German Federal Republic. Awarded the Rembrandt Prize by the Goethe Foundation in Basel. Meets Markus Lüpertz and Per Kirkeby. Visits Joseph Beuys
1982 Participation in documenta 7 in Kassel. First publication ot the newspaper >Krater und Wolke< which is edited by A.R. Penck.
1983 Extended visit to Israel. Settles in London and later in Ireland.
1983 Galeria Lucio Amelio, Neapel
1984 Participation in the 41st Biennal in Venice together with Lothar Baumgarten. Increased interest in music. Joins work on the production of numerous Free Jazz Recordings.
1984 - 1985 Miniature sculptures in bronze
1985 Awarded the artist’s prize by the city of Aachen
1986 First Carrara marble sculptures
1987 Receives the Nord/LB Prize for art
1987 Settles in Ireland, in Dublin
1988 Professorship at the Art Academy Düsseldorf, Germany
1992 Takes part in documenta 9 in Kassel
1998 Extensive travelling exhibition throughout Japan
1999 - 2000 Exhibition of the bronze sculptures in Heilbronn, Bremen, Recklinghausen, Luxembourg, Berlin und Bad Homburg.
2004 Lives and works in Ireland and Germany

2013 ARCO Madrid, Spain
2013 Helge Leiberg, A.R. Penck, Markus Lüpertz u.a. – MALER und BILDHAUER, Galerie Winter, Wiesbaden, Germany
2009 Art of Two Germanys/Cold War Cultures, LACMA, Los Angeles, traveling to Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg and Deutsches Historisches Museum, Berlin
2008 A.R. Penck: Peinture, Système, Monde, Musée d’Art moderne de la ville de Paris, Paris
2008 A:R. Penck: Die Achtziger Jahre (The Eighties), Julius Werner Berlin, Berlin
2008 A.R. Penck, Galerie Scheffel, Bad Homburg
2008 Being and Nature – The Unknown Penck, Städtische Galerie Dresden, Dresden
2008 Series Drawings, Michael Werner Gallery, New York
2008 A.R. Penck: Paintings from the Eighties, Michael Werner Gallery, New York
2008 Julius Werner Berlin (solo)
2007 A.R. Penck: Der Begriff Modell, Neues Museum – Staatliches Museum für Kunst und Design, Nürnberg
2007 A.R. Penck. Retrospektive, Kunsthalle zu Kiel
2007 A.R. Penck, Schirn Kunsthalle, Frankfurt
2006 A.R. Penck, Mitchell-Innes & Nash, New York
2006 Georg Baselitz, Jörg Immendorff, Markus Lüpertz, A.R. Penck, Shanghai Zendai Museum of Modern Art, Shanghai
2006 Beautiful Cynicism, Arario Beijing, Beijing
2005 A.R. Penck, Per Kirkeby, Markus Lüpertz, Gallery W52, New York (solo)
2005 A.R. Penck, Galerie Forsblom, Helsinki (solo)
2005 A.R. Penck: Neue Bilder, Galerie Michael Werner, Cologne (solo)
2004 A.R. Penck: Paintings from the Seventies, Michael Werner Gallery, New York (solo)
2004 A.R. Penck, Patrick Painter Inc., Santa Monica (solo)
2004 A.R. Penck: Constructions, Michael Werner Gallery, New York (solo)
2003 Wereldblik 1968-2002, Museum voor Moderne Kunst, Ostende.
2003 A.R. Penck. Jenseits der Kriege. Bilder aus dem Jahr 2002, Galerie Michael Werner, Köln
2003 A.R. Penck. Weltsicht 1968 – 2002, Museum Küppersmühle Sammlung Grothe, Duisburg
2002 Ralf Winkler. Frühe Arbeiten. Bilder und Zeichnungen aus einer Dresdener Privatsammlung, Galerie im Schloss Wiligrad, Kunstverein Wiligrad e.V., Lübstorf
1999 A.R. Penck. Bronzeskulpturen, Galerie Michael Werner, Köln
1997 A.R. Penck. German Darkness and Contemporary Symbol, Hiroshima City Museum of Contemporary Art, Hiroshima
1995 A.R. Penck, Museo Rufino Tamayo, Mexiko-Stadt
1992 A.R. Penck. Standart-Modelle, Galerie Michael Werner, Köln
1988 Retrospective, Nationalgalerie Berlin, Kunsthaus Berlin, Germany & Zurich, Switzerland
1988 Skulpturen und Zeichnungen, Kestner-Gesellschaft Hannover, Germany
1984 Brown's Hotel and Other Works, The Tate Gallery London, UK
1984 Biennial, Venice, Italy
1982 45 Zeichnungen - Bewußt-seinschichten, Kunstmuseum Bonn, Germany
1981 Gemälde und Handzeichnungen, Kunsthalle Köln, Cologne, West Germany
1978 Museum Ludwig Cologne, West Germany
1972 Kunstmuseum Basel, Switzerland
1972 Documenta 5, Kassel, Gemany
1968 Michael Werner Cologne, West Germany
1956 Dresden, East Germany

A.R. Penck, Ereignisse im Unbekannten, texts by A.R. PENCK and MARCADÉ Bernard, Galerie Jérôme de Noirmont, Paris, 2003
A. R. Penck, texts by A.R. PENCK and Bernard MARCADÉ, Galerie Jérôme de Noirmont, Paris, 1996
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