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Willi Baumeister    (German, 1889-1955)

 Willi Baumeister - Callot gewidmet II, Pantomime (Paintings) h: 54 x w: 65 cm / h: 21.3 x w: 25.6 in
Willi Baumeister
Callot gewidmet II, Pantomime 1941
 
  

Biographie
1889 Born in Stuttgart
1905 - 1907 Trains as decorative painter
1905 - 1911 Attends the Königlich Württembergische Akademie der Bildenden Künste (Royal Württemberg Academy of Fine Arts) in Stuttgart
1905 - 1912 Stays on Lake Constance and in Paris. First exhibition in Stuttgart. Begins friendships with Oskar Schlemmer and Otto Meyer-Amden
1912 - 1913 Stays in Amden, Switzerland. Participates in exhibitions including the Erster Deutscher Herbstsalon (First German Autumn Salon) at the gallery Der Sturm in Berlin
1914 - 1918 Travels to Antwerp, Amsterdam, London, and Paris. Serves in World War I
1919 Master student under Adolf Hölzel. Co-founds the Üecht Group Stuttgart and becomes member of the Berlin Novembergruppe (November Group). First stage design. Works as typographer
1922 First international publication in the art journal L'Esprit Nouveau, Paris
1923 - 1926 Exhibits in Germany and abroad. Visits the Bauhaus in Weimar. Meets Wassily Kandinsky and Paul Klee
1926 Marriage with Margarete (Margrit) Oehm
1927 Offered professorship for typography, commercial graphics, and fabric printing at the Städtische Kunstgewerbeschule (Municiple Applied Arts School), or Städelschule, in Frankfurt am Main. Becomes member of the ring neue werbegestalter (circle of new commercial designers)
1928 Moves to Frankfurt am Main. Birth of daughter Krista
1929 Begins friendship with Julius Bissier. In Paris visits Fernand Léger, Le Corbusier, Ozenfant, Carl Einstein, Christian Zervos und Roger Ginsburger. Becomes member of the artist association Cercle et Carré
1931 Becomes member of the artist group Abstraction - Création. First monograph by Will Grohmann published. Begins lifelong exploration of prehistoric art. Invited by Madame de Mandrot to an artist gathering at the Château La Sarraz, Switzerland
1933 As part of the first official acts of the National Socialists Baumeister is dismissed without notice from his Frankfurter teaching position and denounced as a degenerate artist until the end of 1945
1935 Travels to Milan, meets Carlo Carrà
1937 - 1938 Participates in the Constructivists Exhibition in Basel. Pictures by Baumeister are shown in the exhibition Entartete Kunst Munich. Stores paintings, gouaches, and drawings in the Kunsthalle Basel to keep them out of reach from the National Socialists. Travels to Paris, meets with Fernand Léger, Le Corbusier and gallery owner Jeanne Bucher. Begins work with the Wuppertal varnish factory, Dr. Kurt Herberts & Co. researching and writing on painting techniques and their historical origins
1941 Receives prohibition on painting and exhibiting, according to the decree of the Reichskammer der Bildenden Künste (National Art Chamber). In fall Baumeister travels with his family to Verona, Venice, Bologna, and Florence
1946 Offered professorship at the Staatliche Akademie der Bildenden Künste (State Academy of Fine Arts) in Stuttgart
1947 Baumeister's manuscript Das Unbekannte in der Kunst published in Stuttgart. Produces stage design for Manuel de Falla's ballet Liebeszauber (Love Spell) at the Württemberg Staatstheater in Stuttgart
1948 Participates in the XXIV Biennale in Venice and in the Salon des Réalités Nouvelles in Paris. Produces further stage designs
1949 Co-founder of the Gruppe der Gegenstandslosen (Group of Nonrepresentational Artists) (renamed Group ZEN 49 in January 1950). Produces stage design for Egon Vietta's Monte Cassino, directed by Gustav Rudolf Sellner in Essen.
1950 Participates in the Ersten Darmstädter Gespräch (First Darmstadt Dialogues). Travels to Spain and France and participates in the Second International Art Congress of the Escuela de Altamira in Santillana del Mar near Santander, Spain
1951 Participates in the first Biennale (I Bienal) in São Paulo, receives Biennale Prize
1952 Participates in the XXVI Biennale in Venice.
1953 Produces stage design for Max Kommerell's Kasperlespiele für große Leute (Punch and Judy Show for Grown-Ups), directed by Gustav Rudolf Sellner
1955 The Vienna Secession distinguishes Baumeister for his life achievement with the Klimt-Honor
1955 August 31 Willi Baumeister dies while painting in his studio in Stuttgart

Expositions
2012 Winterthur Willi Baumeister 1889-1955. Kunstmuseum, Jan. 28-Apr. 22, 2012.
2012 Rovereto Willi Baumeister 1889-1955. Museo d'Arte Moderna e Contemporanea di Trento e Rovereto MART, July 24-Sept. 23, 2012.
2011 Palma de Mallorca Willi Baumeister 1889-1955. Fundación Juan March, June 1-Dec. 12, 2011.
2011 Stuttgart »Art is a Science [Kunst ist eine Wissenschaft]«. Hölzel, Baumeister and the Stuttgart Academy. Kunstmuseum Stuttgart, June 25-Oct. 23, 2011.
2010 Stuttgart, Willi Baumeister. Gilgamesch. Staatsgalerie, Dec. 11, 2010-May 1, 2011.
2007 Baumeister as Stage Designer (Baumeister als Bühnenbildner). Kunstmuseum Stuttgart, Sep. 29-Dec. 9
2006 Wuppertal, Von der Heydt-Museum, Feb. 12-Mar. 26
2005 - 2006 Munster, Westfälisches Landesmuseum für Kunst und Kulturgeschichte, Nov. 27 - Jan. 29
2005 Willi Baumeister: Figures and Signs (Figuren und Zeichen). Hamburg, Bucerius Kunstforum, Aug. 31-Oct. 30
2005 Willi Baumeister: The Frankfurt Years 1928-1933 (Die Frankfurter Jahre 1928-1933). Museum Giersch, Mar. 20-Jul. 10
2004 - 2005 Willi Baumeister - Karl Hofer: An Encounter of the Pictures (Begegnung der Bilder). Museum der bildenden Künste, Dec. 19 - Feb. 27
2003 - 2004 Willi Baumeister. Madrid, Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Sala de Exposiciones Fundación Caja Madrid, Oct. 30 - Feb. 22
2000 Saint-Etienne, Musée d'Art Moderne, Dec. 22, 1999-Mar. 26
1999 Willi Baumeister and France (Willi Baumeister et la France). Colmar, Musée d'Unterlinden, Sep. 4-Dec. 5
1997 - 1998 Germany Pictures: Art from a Divided Land (Deutschlandbilder - Kunst aus einem geteilten Land). Berlin, Martin-Gropius-Bau, Sep. 7 - Jan. 11
1997 The 1930s in Europe: The Hostile Time 1929-1939 (Années 30 en Europe - Le Temps menaçant 1929-1939). Paris, Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, Feb. 20-May 25
1992 Berlin, Altes Museum, Mar. 4-May 31
1991 - 1992 Washington DC, International Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, Oct. 8 - Jan.12
1991 Degenerate Art: The Fate of the Avant-Garde in Nazi-Germany / Entartete Kunst: Das Schicksal der Avantgarde im Nazideutschland. Los Angeles, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Feb. 17-May 12
1991 Chicago, The Art Institute of Chicago, Jun. 22-Sep. 8
1989 Willi Baumeister. Berlin, Nationalgalerie SMPK, Apr. 7-May 28
1989 Willi Baumeister: Typography and Advertising Design (Typographie und Reklamegestaltung). Stuttgart, Staatliche Akademie der Bildenden Künste, Oct. 14-Nov. 17
1985 Contrasts of Form: Geometric Abstract Art 1910-1980 from the Collection of the Museum of Modern Art including the Riklis Collection of McCrory Corporation. New York, The Museum of Modern Art
1984 Bordeaux, Galérie des Beaux-Arts, Jan. 23-Feb. 18
1984 Luxembourg, Musée de l'Etat, Oct. 5-Nov. 11
1983 Lyon, Musée des Beaux Arts, Mar./Apr.
1983 Strasbourg, Musée d'Art Moderne, Oct. 7-Nov. 27
1983 Genève, Musée Rath, Nov. 4, 1982-Jan. 16
1983 Gent, Museum van Heedendagse Kunst, Jan. 8-Feb. 20
1982 Helsinki, Ateneum, Jan. 29-Feb. 21
1982 Turku, Kunstmuseum, Mar./Apr
1982 Haarlem, Frans Hals Museum, May 14-Jun. 20
1982 Bruxelles, Musée d'Ixelles, Oct. 27-Dec. 19
1982 Léger et l'Esprit moderne / Léger and the modern Spirit. Paris, Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, Mar. 7-Jun. 6
1982 Houston, Museum of Fine Arts, Jul. 9-Sep. 5
1981 Willi Baumeister 1889-1955: Paintings - Drawings (Gemälde - Zeichnungen). An exhibition of the Institut für Auslandsbeziehungeny in Stuttgart. Høvikodden, Henie-Onstad Kunstsentret, Feb.-Mar.
1981 København, Statens Museum for Kunst, Apr. 4-May 3
1979 Willi Baumeister 1945-1955. An exhibition organized by the Württembergischer Kunstverein, Staatsgalerie Stuttgart, and Staatliche Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Stuttgart. Stuttgart, Württembergischer Kunstverein, Mar. 28-May 6
1979 Schlemmer, Baumeister, Krause - Wuppertal 1937-1944. Wuppertal, Von der Heydt-Museum, May 20-Jul. 1
1978 Paris - Berlin, 1900-1933. Paris, Centre National d'Art et de Culture Georges Pompidou, Jul. 12-Nov. 6
1971 Willi Baumeister (1889-1955). Roma, Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Moderna, Mar. 13-Apr. 25
1969 Willi Baumeister 1889-1955: Drawings (Zeichnungen). Stuttgart, Galerie der Stadt Stuttgart, Mar. 1-Apr. 27
1967 Paris, Musée National d'Art Moderne, Jan. 6-Feb. 12
1966 Willi Baumeister: Paintings, Drawings (Peintures, Dessins). Schaffhausen, Museum zu Allerheiligen, Jun. 11-Jul. 31
1966 Genève, Musée d'Art et d'Histoire, Sep. 16-Oct. 23
1965 Willi Baumeister: Paintings and Drawings (Gemälde und Zeichnungen). Köln, Wallraf-Richartz-Museum, Jan. 16-Mar. 14
1965 Karlsruhe, Badischer Kunstverein, Apr. 11-May 16
1964 documenta III - Painting, Sculpture (Malerei, Skulptur). Kassel, Museum Fridericianum, Jun. 27-Oct. 5
1963 The Great Occasion of Art in the 20th Century (La Grande Aventure de l'Art du XXème Siècle). Strasbourg, Château des Rohan, Jun. 8-Sep. 15
1962 Art from 1900 to Today. Inaugural Exhibition (Kunst von 1900 bis heute. Eröffnungsausstellung). Wien, Museum des 20. Jahrhunderts, Sep. 21-Nov. 4
1960 Willi Baumeister - E. W. Nay. Basel, Kunsthalle Basel, Feb. 27-Mar. 27
1960 Pictures on exhibit. New York, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, November
1960 German Art Since 1945 (Arte alemã desde 1945). Rio de Janeiro, Museu de Arte moderna do Rio de Janeiro, September
1960 XXX Venice Biennale (XXX Biennale di Venezia). Venezia
1959 documenta II - Art after 1945, Painting (Kunst nach 1945, Malerei). Kassel, Museum Fridericianum, Jul. 11-Oct. 11
1958 50 Years of Modern Art: Brussels World and International Exposition (50 Ans d'Art Moderne: Exposition universelle et internationale de Bruxelles). Bruxelles, Palais des Beaux-Arts, Apr. 17-Jul. 21
1958 Saint Louis, City Art Museum of St. Louis, Jan. 8-Feb. 24
1957 German Art of the Twentieth Century. New York, The Museum of Modern Art, Oct. 1-Dec. 8
1957 Painting from Germany Today (Pittura della Germania d'oggi): Baumeister, Bode, Geiger, Nay, Sonderborg, Thieler, Werner, Winter. Milano, Galleria del Milione, May
1956 Hundred years of German painting 1850-1950. London, The Tate Gallery
1956 Willi Baumeister. Hannover, Kestner-Gesellschaft, May 17-Jun. 24
1956 Hamburg, Kunstverein in Hamburg, Jul. 7-Aug. 5
1956 Berlin, Haus am Waldsee, Sep. 18-Oct. 21
1955 Art of the 20th Century (Kunst des XX. Jahrhunderts). Kassel, Museum Fridericianum, Jul. 15-Sep. 18
1955 Non-Figurative Paintings and Sculpture in Germany Today (Peintures et Sculptures non figuratives en Allemagne d'Aujourd'hui). Paris, Cercle Volney, Apr. 7-May 8 / Düsseldorf, Kunstmuseum Düsseldorf, Jun. 25-Aug. 30
1954 Willi Baumeister. Stuttgart, Württembergischer Kunstverein, Jan. 23-Feb. 21 (solo)
1953 - 1954 Younger European Painters. New York, The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, Dec. 2-Feb. 21
1952 Willi Baumeister. New York, Hacker Gallery, Mar. 31-Apr. 26 (solo)
1952 XXVI Venice Biennale (XXVI Biennale di Venezia). Venezia
1951 German Artist Union 1950: First Exhibition (Deutscher Künstlerbund 1950: Erste Ausstellung). Berlin, Hochschule für Bildende Künste, Aug. 1-Oct. 1
1950 The Human Image in Our Time (Das Menschenbild in unserer Zeit). Neue Darmstädter Sezession. Exhibition summer 1950. Darmstadt, Mathildenhöhe Ausstellungshalle, Jul. 15-Sep. 3
1950 ZEN 49: First Exhibition (Erste Ausstellung). Munich, Central Art Collecting Point, April
1949 Willi Baumeister. Paris, Galerie Jeanne Bucher, Nov.-Dec. (solo)
1948 New Realities - Third Salon (Réalités Nouvelles - 3ème Salon). Paris, Palais des Beaux-Arts de la Ville de Paris, Jul. 23-Aug. 30
1939 Willi Baumeister: Paintings and Watercolors (Toiles et Aquarelles). Paris, Galerie Jeanne Bucher, Jan. 20-30 (solo)
1938 Twentieth Century German Art. London, New Burlington Galleries, Jul. 8-Jul. 20
1937 Origins and Development of International Independent Art (Origines et développement de l'art international indépendant). Exhibition organized by the Musée du Jeu de Paume. Paris, Musée du Jeu de Paume, Jul. 30-Oct. 31
1935 Exhibits in Milan and Rome
1932 - 1933 Living German Art (Lebendige Deutsche Kunst). 3-part exhibition series. Organized by Paul Cassirer and Alfred Flechtheim. First Exhibition. Berlin, Galerie Paul Cassirer, Dec. 10 - Mid-Jan
1931 Adolf Loos Buildings: Photographs, Plans, Text - Willi Baumeister, Paintings, Wall Pictures, Graphic Works (Adolf Loos, Bauten: Fotografien, Pläne, Text. - Willi Baumeister, Gemälde, Mauerbilder, Grafik). Frankfurt am Main, Frankfurt Kunstverein, Jan. 31-Feb. 14
1930 Willi Baumeister. Paris, Galerie Editions Bonaparte, Apr. 5-Apr. 23 (solo)
1930 The XVII Venice Biennale (La XVII Biennale di Venezia). Venice
1927 Willi Baumeister. Paris, Galerie d'Art Contemporain, Jan. 18-Feb. 1 (solo)
1927 Great Berlin Art Exhibition (Große Berliner Kunstausstellung). Berlin, Landesausstellungsgebäude am Lehrter Bahnhof, May 7-Sep. 30
1927 Werkbund Exhibition The Dwelling (Die Wohnung). Stuttgart, Weißenhof Housing Settlement and other venues, Jul. 23-Oct. 9, Stuttgart
1926 Exhibits at the International Exhibition of Modern Art in New York
1924 - 1925 First General German Art Exhibition. Moscow, Saratov, Leningrad
1924 Joseph Pobereschsky, Lidija Dmitriewskaja, Kurt Schwitters, Willi Baumeister, 130th Exhibition (130. Ausstellung). Berlin, Gallery Der Sturm
1923 Adolf Hölzel and His Circle (Adolf Hölzel und sein Kreis). Stuttgart, Kunsthaus Schaller
1922 Berlin, Gallery Der Sturm, March
1920 Exhibits with Oskar Schlemmer and Kurt Schwitters in Dresden
1913 First German Autumn Salon
1913 Berlin, Gallery Der Sturm, Sep. 20-Dec. 1
1910 Stuttgart, Contemporary French Artists
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